Clear cover for slab beam column staircase and footing, hi guys in this article we know about clear cover of Foundation footing, raft Foundation top,Raft Foundation bottom, strap beam, grade slab, column, beam, slab, flat slab, staircase,shear wall, retaining wall and lintel.
Clear cover is concrete cover is provided in all structure member like different types of footing, column, beam and slab. Concrete cover is provided for long lasting life of concrete and keep RCC structure free from corrosion and rust formation.
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What is clear cover? Clear cover is the least and minimum distance between outer face of concrete fibre and the outer face of main reinforcement with link excluding thickness of Plaster and finishing of concrete. Mostly cover is described as clear cover or minimum concrete cover generally speaking at construction site.
What is nominal concrete cover? Nominal concrete cover is define in simple word as least and minimum distance between outer face of concrete fibre to the main reinforcement inserted inside in construction structure. According to IS code 456 -2000 clause 26.4.1 nominal cover can be defined as is the design depth of concrete cover to all Steel including link. So nominal concrete cover is also known as clear cover.
What is importance of clear cover of concrete? function and importance of clear cover of concrete are following:- 1) clear cover of concrete provide and maintain long lasting life of concrete, 2) clear cover of concrete keep reinforcement free from corrosion and rust formation and prevent from damaging due to moisture condition in environment and in soil, 3) outer face of concrete fibre is thermal insulator and protect reinforcement to sheild it, 4) it provides adequate embedding to reinforcement bar to fasilitate them to be stressed without losing grip, 5) clear cover of concrete prevent reinforcement from environmental condition moisture and soil and 6) thickness or size of clear cover depends on the environmental circumstances and type of a structure member.
Clear cover for slab beam column staircase and footing
The size of clear cover for slab beam column staircase and footing should be depending on various factors like design of RCC structure, weather condition, wet and dry condition, heavy load structure, residential or commercial building,etc. The size of clear cover 40mm is apply for column, 25mm for beam,15 to 20 mm for slab, 15mm for staircase and 40 to 50mm for footing/Foundation.
Clear cover of Beam :– size of clear cover of beam should be ranging between 25 mm to 40 mm. Clear cover of size 25 mm is apply in presence of dry climatic environment and 35 mm to 40 mm size should be taken in presence of wet climatic environment or sea side location.
Clear cover of column :- the size of clear cover of column should be ranging between 40mm to 50mm. Clear cover of size 40 mm is good for dry weather condition and 50 mm for wet moist weather condition.
Clear cover of slab :- the size of clear cover of slab should be ranging between 20mm to 30 mm. Clear cover of size 20mm apply for 4 to 5 inch thick rcc slab, 20mm for flat slab and 30mm for 6 inch thick slab.
Clear cover of footing/foundation :- the size of clear cover of footing/foundation should be 40 mm to 75 mm. Clear cover size 40mm is used for general footing, clear cover of size 50mm is apply for Raft foundation top and 75mm for Raft foundation bottom/side.
Clear cover for retaining wall:– the size of clear cover for retaining wall should be ranging between 20 to 30 mm.
Clear cover for strap beam:- the size of clear cover for a strap beam should be ranging between 40 to 50mm.
Clear cover for shear wall:- size of clear cover for shear wall should be a ranging between 20 to 25mm.
Clear cover for staircase:- the size of clear cover for staircase should be ranging between 15 to 20mm.
Clear cover for lintel :– the size of clear cover for lintel should be ranging between 15 to 20mm.
Why the size of clear cover for footing is greater than other structure member?
As we know that Earth excavation done for footing beneath the soil, in foundation footing there is a sand filling ,brick soling layer, PCC layer rcc layer which is coming direct contact with moisture or water present in soil, moisture present in soil wants to damaging concrete fibre and rusting of reinforcement which is inserted inside concrete fibre.
To prevent from rusting and corrosion of reinforcement in soil footing size of clear cover is provided is greater than other structural member like beam column and slab.