The coverage area for materials like sand, concrete, mulch, topsoil, rock, gravel, and asphalt can vary based on factors such as thickness and the specific type of material. Generally, coverage is measured in square feet or cubic yards.

There is various construction material like topsoil, dirt, mulch, gravel, concrete, sand, asphalt, stone and crushed concrete are used in landscaping, making pathways, driveway, roadway, pavement, street, patio and pedestrian.

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How much area does a yard of these material cover? It will depends on the size, the amount of dust content, composition, loose and dense conditions, compact, wet and dry and the thickness of the layer and the how level the surface is to be covered.

Gravel, sand, stone, is one of the most important building material collected from river basin, mountains, rocks, small rocks, pebbles, loose and dry sand, aggregate and pea gravel. Pea gravel is chosen best for walkway because it is round in shape of small size which make it most comfortable to work on.

Most of building material supplier which are available nearly to you, will give you option to deliver these building material at your homes, for this they should cost some money for transportation. If you have a truck or vehicle that you can use to bring construction material to your destination or construction site, then it is cheaper and faster option for you.

**Coverage area of material (sand, concrete, rock, gravel, mulch, asphalt & dirt) per ton**

Typically, a ton of concrete yields 13.5 cubic feet volume which covers 40 square feet area at a 4″ thick, while a ton of sand yields 20 cubic feet volume which covers 120 square feet area at a 2-inch deep.

Typically, a ton of gravel yields 18 cubic feet volume which covers 54 square feet area at a 4″ thick, while a ton of asphalt yields 13.5 cubic feet volume which covers 40 square feet area at a 4-inch deep.

Typically, a ton of rock yields 18 cubic feet volume which covers 54 square feet area at a 4″ thick, while a ton of topsoil (dirt) yields 25 cubic feet volume which covers 75 square feet area at a 4-inch deep. In addition, a ton of mulch yields 67.5 cubic feet volume which covers 400 square feet area at a 2″ thick.

**How much area does a ton of sand cover**

For estimating purpose, contractor’s and Builder’s, assuming weight of sand measured as 2700 pounds per cubic yard that would make around 1.35 short tons and it yields about 100 pounds per cubic feet.

A ton (2000 lbs) of sand yields about 0.75 cubic yards (2000/ 2700 = 0.75) that multiply by 27 to make as 20 cubic feet (0.75 × 27= 20), hence a ton of sand yields about 0.75 cubic yards or 20 cubic feet.

One ton of sand: 4-inches thick-covers 60 square feet (5.5 sq m). 3-inches thick-covers 80 square feet (7.5 sq m). 2-inches thick- covers 120 square feet (11 sq m). 1-inch thick- covers 240 square feet (22 square meters).

**How many square feet does a ton of sand cover**

A ton of sand covers around 120 square feet area for a 2 inch depth, 120 square feet at 1-inch deep, 80 square feet at a 3-inch deep and 60 square feet at a 4-inch deep.

**How many square meters does a ton of sand cover**

A ton of sand covers around 11 square meters area for a 50mm depth, 22 square meters at 25mm deep, 7.5 square meters at a 80mm deep and 5.5 square meters at a 100mm deep.

**How much area does a ton of gravel cover**

For estimating purpose, contractor’s and Builder’s, assuming weight of gravel measured as 3,000 pounds per cubic yard that would make around 1.5 short tons and it yields about 110 pounds per cubic feet.

A ton (2000 lbs) of gravel yields about 0.66 cubic yards (2000/ 3000 = 0.66) that multiply by 27 to make as 18 cubic feet (0.66 × 27= 18), hence a ton of gravel yields about 0.66 cubic yards or 18 cubic feet.

One ton of gravel: 4-inches thick-covers 54 square feet. 3-inches thick-covers 72 square feet. 2-inches thick- covers 108 square feet. 1-inch thick- covers 216 square feet.

**How much area does a ton of concrete cover**

For estimating purpose, contractor’s and Builder’s, assuming weight of concrete measured as 4000 pounds per cubic yard that would make around 2 short tons and it yields about 150 pounds per cubic feet.

A ton (2000 lbs) of concrete yields about 0.5 cubic yards (2000/ 4000 = 0.5) that multiply by 27 to make as 13.5 cubic feet (0.5 × 27= 13.5), hence a ton of concrete yields about 0.5 cubic yards or 13.5 cubic feet.

One ton of concrete: 4-inches thick-covers 40 square feet. 3-inches thick-covers 54 square feet. 2-inches thick- covers 80 square feet. 5-inch thick- covers 32 square feet. 6-inch thick- covers 27 square feet.

**How much area does a ton of asphalt cover**

For estimating purpose, contractor’s and Builder’s, assuming weight of asphalt measured as 4000 pounds per cubic yard that would make around 2 short tons and it yields about 150 pounds per cubic feet.

A ton (2000 lbs) of asphalt yields about 0.5 cubic yards (2000/ 4000 = 0.5) that multiply by 27 to make as 13.5 cubic feet (0.5 × 27= 13.5), hence a ton of asphalt yields about 0.5 cubic yards or 13.5 cubic feet.

One ton of asphalt: 4-inches thick-covers 40 square feet. 3-inches thick-covers 54 square feet. 2-inches thick- covers 80 square feet. 5-inch thick- covers 32 square feet. 6-inch thick- covers 27 square feet.

**How much area does a ton of rock cover**

Typically for estimating purpose, contractor’s and Builder’s, assuming weight of rock measured as 3,000 pounds per cubic yard that would make around 1.5 short tons and it yields about 110 pounds per cubic feet.

A ton (2000 lbs) of rock yields about 0.66 cubic yards (2000/ 3000 = 0.66) that multiply by 27 to make as 18 cubic feet (0.66 × 27= 18), hence a ton of rock yields about 0.66 cubic yards or 18 cubic feet.

One ton of rock: 4-inches thick-covers 54 square feet. 3-inches thick-covers 72 square feet. 2-inches thick- covers 108 square feet. 1-inch thick- covers 216 square feet.

**How much area does a ton of topsoil cover**

Typically for estimating purpose, contractor’s and Builder’s, assuming weight of topsoil (dirt) measured as 2,200 pounds per cubic yard that would make around 1.1 short tons and it yields about 80 pounds per cubic feet.

A ton (2000 lbs) of dirt yields about 0.90 cubic yards (2000/ 2200 = 0.90) that multiply by 27 to make as 25 cubic feet (0.90 × 27= 25), hence a ton of topsoil yields about 0.90 cubic yards or 25 cubic feet.

One ton of topsoil: 4-inches thick-covers 75 square feet. 3-inches thick-covers 100 square feet. 2-inches thick- covers 150 square feet. 1-inch thick- covers 300 square feet.

**How much area does a ton of mulch cover**

Typically for estimating purpose, contractor’s and Builder’s, assuming weight of mulch measured as 800 pounds per cubic yard that would make around 0.4 short tons and it yields about 30 pounds per cubic feet.

A ton (2000 lbs) of mulch yields about 2.5 cubic yards (2000/ 800 = 2.5) that multiply by 27 to make as 67.5 cubic feet (2.5 × 27= 67.5), hence a ton of mulch yields about 2.5 cubic yards or 67.5 cubic feet.

One ton of mulch: 4-inches thick-covers 200 square feet. 3-inches thick-covers 270 square feet. 2-inches thick- covers 400 square feet. 1-inch thick- covers 800 square feet.

**Coverage area of material (sand, concrete, rock, gravel, mulch, asphalt & dirt) per cubic yard**

A cubic yard is defined by 3 feet long by 3 feet wide by 3 feet height that would make equal as 27 cubic feet (3 ft × 3 ft × 3 ft = 27 cubic feet).

One cubic yard of material: 4-inches thick-covers 80 square feet. 3-inches thick-covers 100 square feet. 2-inches thick- covers 162 square feet. 1-inch thick- covers 324 square feet.

**How much area does a yard of sand cover**

One cubic yard of sand: 4-inches thick-covers 80 square feet. 3-inches thick-covers 100 square feet. 2-inches thick- covers 162 square feet. 1-inch thick- covers 324 square feet.

**How much area does a yard of gravel cover**

One cubic yard of gravel: 4-inches thick-covers 80 square feet. 3-inches thick-covers 100 square feet. 2-inches thick- covers 162 square feet. 1-inch thick- covers 324 square feet.

**How much area does a yard of concrete cover**

One cubic yard of concrete: 4-inches thick-covers 80 square feet. 3-inches thick-covers 100 square feet. 2-inches thick- covers 162 square feet. 5-inch thick- covers 65 square feet. 6-inch thick- covers 54 square feet.

**How much area does a yard of topsoil cover**

One cubic yard of topsoil: 4-inches thick-covers 80 square feet. 3-inches thick-covers 100 square feet. 2-inches thick- covers 162 square feet. 1-inch thick- covers 324 square feet.

**How much area does a yard of mulch cover**

One cubic yard of mulch: 4-inches thick-covers 80 square feet. 3-inches thick-covers 100 square feet. 2-inches thick- covers 162 square feet. 1-inch thick- covers 324 square feet.

**How much area does a yard of rock cover**

One cubic yard of rock: 4-inches thick-covers 80 square feet. 3-inches thick-covers 100 square feet. 2-inches thick- covers 162 square feet. 1-inch thick- covers 324 square feet.

**How much area does a yard of asphalt cover**

One cubic yard of asphalt: 4-inches thick-covers 80 square feet. 3-inches thick-covers 100 square feet. 2-inches thick- covers 162 square feet. 5-inch thick- covers 65 square feet. 6-inch thick- covers 54 square feet.

**How much does 2 yards of sand cover**

Typically 2 cubic yards of normal weight sand, which is equal as 54 cubic feet, will cover approximately 216 square feet area at 3 inches deep, 324 square feet with 2 inches thick, 648 square feet with 1 inches deep, or 160 square feet at 4 inches deep.

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**How much does 2 yards of asphalt cover**

Typically 2 cubic yards of normal weight asphalt, which is equal as 54 cubic feet, will cover approximately 216 square feet area at 3 inches deep, 324 square feet with 2 inches thick, 648 square feet with 1 inches deep, or 160 square feet at 4 inches deep.

**Conclusions:-**

One cubic yard of material (such as sand, gravel, soil, asphalt, mulch, concrete, or topsoil) covers about 108 square feet at a depth of 3 inches, 162 square feet at a depth of 2 inches, and about 324 square feet at a depth of 1 inch or 80 square feet at 4 inches deep.