# How much cement sand & aggregate required for m25 concrete

The mix proportion for M25 concrete is typically 1:1:2, where 1 is the ratio of cement, 1 is the ratio of sand, and 2 is the ratio of coarse aggregate. This means, for every 1 part of cement, you would need 1 parts of sand and 2 parts of coarse aggregate. The exact quantities would depend on the total volume of concrete you want to produce.

Hi guys in this article we know about how much cement sand & aggregate required per 1m3 of m25 grade of concrete & also know about how much cement required for M25 concrete & how to calculate cement sand aggregate required for 1 cubic meter of m25 grade of concrete.

Different grade of concrete like M25, M20, M15, M10, M7.5 & M5 are nominal mix grade of concrete in which M represent mix and numerical figure 25, 20, 15, 10,7.5 & 5 are characteristics of compressive strength of concrete gain strength time period of 28 days after curing.

● Table 1 :- different grade of concrete and their compressive strength in N/mm2.

Understanding grade of concrete:- Grades of concrete are defined by its strength and composition of the concreting material cement sand and aggregate and the minimum strength the concrete should have following 28 days of initial construction. The grade of concrete is understood in measurements of N/mm2 or MPa, where M stands for mix and the MPa denotes the overall characteristics of compressive strength.

Concrete grade types :- there are three types of concrete grade 1) normal grade of concrete, 2) standard grade of concrete& 3) high strength concrete grade. Normal grade of concrete are based on nominal mix ratio of cement, sand and aggregate have comparatively lower compressive strength than standard grade of concrete.

Normal grade of concrete are M25, M20, M15, M10, M7.5 & M5 generally based on nominal mix proportion of cement sand and aggregate.

Standard grade of concrete are M25, M30, M35, M40, & M45 are made according to design mix have higher compressive strength than normal grade of concrete.

High strength concrete grade are M50, M55, M60, M65, & M70 are made according to design mix have higher compressive strength than normal and standard grade of concrete.

According to nominal mix concrete IS456 code book suggest that minimum grade of concrete is M20 which are used for RCC work and M5, M7.5, M10 and M15 are not used for RCC work, generally lower grade of concrete are used in mass concreting, formation of heavy wall, ground filling, retaining wall formation and all PCC work.

Standard grade of concrete and high strength concrete are used to construction of high rise building, industrial building, commercial building, residential building, apartment, Bridge, dams and heavy structure.

● Table 2 :- different grade of concrete and its types

● Cement sand and aggregate mix ratio in concrete :- there are two types of mix ratio in in different grade of concrete 1) nominal mix & 2) design mix.

Nominal mix concrete IS456 code book suggest lower and normal grade of concrete like M25, M20, M15, M10, M7.5 & M5 have fix cement sand and aggregate ratio.

Design mix concrete IS 456 code book suggest that standard and high strength concrete grade are made according to different types of considering factor like load bearing structure, earthquake resistance, bending moment of column, Environmental factors and quality of cement sand and aggregate.

● Table 3:- grade of concrete types, it’s mix ratio types and mix ratio of concrete.

## How much cement, sand and aggregate are required for 1m3 of m25 concrete

M25 concrete ratio is 1:1:2 by volume. It indicates the nominal ratio of cement, sand and aggregate. It simply means that if 1CFT cement is used for making concrete, you should use 1 CFT sand and 2 CFT aggregate. (i.e. 1 part cement: 1 part sand: 2 parts aggregate).

M25 concrete ratio for 1 cubic meter is (cement: sand: aggregate): 1:1:2 indicates 1 part of cement mixed to 1 part of sand mixed to 2 parts of aggregate. Typically, 1 m3 of M25 concrete consists of 11 bags of 50 kg of cement, 620 kg of sand and 1150 kg of aggregate.

M25 concrete ratio:- M stand for mix and numerical figure 25 is compressive strength of concrete is 25N/mm2 for curing time of 28 days and M25 concrete ratio is 1 : 1 : 2, mixture of cement, sand and aggregate in which one part is cement, 1 part is sand and 2 part is aggregate or stone mix with water.

M25 concrete mix ratio:- M stand for mix and numerical figure 25 is compressive strength of concrete is 25N/mm2 for curing time of 28 days. M25 concrete mix ratio is 1:1:2, made of mixture of cement, sand and aggregate in which one part is cement, 1 part is sand and 2 part is aggregate or stone mix with water.

1m3 m25 concrete weight: unit weight of RCC is 2500kg/m3 and PCC is 2400kg/m3, so weight of 1m3 M25 concrete is 2500kgs when used as reinforced cement concrete and 2400kgs in plain cement concrete.

Calculating quantity of cement, sand and aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of m25 concrete we have given following:-

Wet volume of concrete = 1m3

mix ratio for m25 concrete = 1:1:2

We have to do following calculating steps:-

Step 1 :- we have wet volume of concrete is equal to 1 cubic metre (1m3), but when we calculate actual quantity of dry ingredient cement, sand and aggregate of concrete we have to calculate dry volume of concrete.

For converting wet volume to dry volume of concrete we will multiply 1.54 in wet volume of concrete, now question is why we multiply 1.54 in wet volume of concrete. When mixture of cement, sand and aggregate mix with water, the number of air voids present in dry ingredient are evaporated in wet condition when mix with water so their volume is decreased by 54% in wet condition, so dry volume of concrete is increase by 54% of wet volume.

Dry volume of concrete is equal to 1× 1.54 = 1.54 m3 ( cubic meter)

Step 2 :- m25 nominal mix ratio is 1:1:2,in which one part is cement, one part is sand & two part is aggregate, then total mix proportion is equal to 1+1+2 = 4, and part of cement is equal to 1/4, part of sand is equal to 1/4 & part of aggregate is equal to 2/4

### How much cement required for M25 concrete

Step 3:- We have dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 m3, part of cement in mix = 1/4 and density of cement = 1440 Kg/m3

#### How much cement required for M25 concrete in cubic metre

Step 4:– calculate cement required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in cubic metre is equal to = 1/4 × 1.54 m3 = 0.385 m3

How much cement required for M25 concrete in m3? That’s 0.385 m3 (cubic meters) of cement are required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete. Thus, To produce (make) 1m3 of M25 concrete you would need 0.385 cubic meters of cement.

#### How much cement required for M25 concrete in Kgs

Step 5:- calculate cement required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in Kgs ( kilogram) is equal to = 1/4 × 1.54 m3 × 1440 Kg/m3 = 554 Kgs

How much cement required for M25 concrete in kg? That’s 554 kg of cement are required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete. Thus, To produce (make) 1m3 of M25 concrete you would need 554 kilograms of cement.

#### How many cement bags required for M25 concrete

Step 6:- we know that 1 bag cement weight = 50 kgs, calculate cement bags required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete is equal to = 1/4 × 1.54 m3 × 1440 Kg/m3/50 = 11.08 = 11 bags cement

How many bags of cement required for 1m3 of M15 concrete? That’s 11 bags of 50kg cement are required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete. Thus, To produce (make) 1m3 of M25 concrete you would need 11 bags of 50kg cement.

How much cement required for M25 concrete in cubic feet

Calculate cement required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete in cubic feet is equal to = 0.385 x 35.315 = 13.6 CFT.

How much cement required for M25 concrete in CFT? That’s 13.6 CFT (cubic feet) of cement are required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete. Thus, To produce (make) 1m3 of M25 concrete you would need 13.6 CFT of cement.

CONCLUSION:- How much cement required for 1m3 of M25 concrete? That’s 11 bags of 50 kg of cement, 0.385 m3, or 554 kgs cement are required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete. Thus, To produce (make) 1m3 of M25 concrete you would need 11 bags of 50kg cement.

### How much sand required for M25 concrete

We have given dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 cubic metre and part of sand in concrete mix is equal to 1/4, density of sand is equal to 1620 Kg/m3 and one cubic metre is equal to 35.3147 cu ft

#### How much sand required for M25 concrete in cubic metre

Step 7 :– calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in cubic metre is equal to 1/4 × 1.54 = 0.385 m3

How much sand required for M25 concrete in m3? That’s 0.385 m3 (cubic meters) of sand are required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete. Thus, To produce (make) 1m3 of M25 concrete you would need 0.385 cubic meters of sand.

#### How much sand required for M25 concrete in Kgs

Step 8 :- calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in kgs ( kilogram) is equal to 1/4 × 1.54m3 × 1600 Kg/m3 = 620 Kgs

How much sand required for M25 concrete in kg? That’s 620 kg of sand are required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete. Thus, To produce (make) 1m3 of M25 concrete you would need 620 kilograms of sand.

#### How much sand required for M25 concrete in cft

Step 9 :- calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in cft (cubic feet) is equal to 1/4 × 1.54m3/35.3147 × 1600 Kg/m3 = 13.6 CFT

How much sand required for M25 concrete in CFT? That’s 13.6 CFT (cubic feet) of sand are required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete. Thus, To produce (make) 1m3 of M25 concrete you would need 13.6 CFT of sand.

CONCLUSION:- How much sand required for 1m3 of M25 concrete? That’s 13.6 CFT, or 0.385 m3, or 620 kgs of sand are required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete. Thus, To produce (make) 1m3 of M25 concrete you would need 13.6 CFT of sand.

### How much aggregate required for M25 concrete

We have given dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 cubic metre and part of aggregate in concrete mix is equal to 2/4, density of aggregate is equal to 1550 Kg/m3 and one cubic metre is equal to 35.3147 cu ft

#### How much aggregate required for M25 concrete in cubic metre

Step 10 :- calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in cubic metre is equal to 2/4 × 1.54 = 0.77 m3

How much aggregate required for M25 concrete in m3? That’s 0.77 m3 (cubic meters) of aggregate are required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete. Thus, To produce (make) 1m3 of M25 concrete you would need 0.77 cubic meters of aggregate.

#### How much aggregate required for M25 concrete in Kgs

Step 11 :- calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in kgs ( kilogram) is equal to 2/4 × 1.54m3 × 1500 Kg/m3 = 1150 Kgs

How much aggregate required for M25 concrete in kg? That’s 11 50 kg of aggregate are required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete. Thus, To produce (make) 1m3 of M25 concrete you would need 1150 kilograms of aggregate.

#### How much aggregate required for M25 concrete in cft

Step 12 :- calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in cft (cubic feet) is equal to 2/4 × 1.54m3/35.3147 × 1500 Kg/m3 = 27 CFT

How much aggregate required for M25 concrete in CFT? That’s 27 CFT (cubic feet) of aggregate are required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete. Thus, To produce (make) 1m3 of M25 concrete you would need 27 CFT of aggregate.

CONCLUSION:- How much aggregate required for 1m3 of M25 concrete? That’s 27 CFT, or 0.77 m3, or 1150 kgs of aggregate are required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete. Thus, To produce (make) 1m3 of M25 concrete you would need 27 CFT of aggregate.

CONCLUSION:- How much cement sand and aggregate required for 1 cubic meter of m25 concrete? 11 bags of 50 kg (0.385 m3, 554 kgs) cement, 13.6 CFT (0.385 m3, 620 kgs) sand & 27 CFT (0.77 m3, 1150 kgs) aggregate are required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete. Thus, To produce (make) 1m3 of M25 concrete you would need 11 bags of 50 kg cement, 13.6 CFT sand and 27 CFT of aggregate.

## Weight of sand and aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for m25 concrete grade

1) weight of sand & aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for M25 grade of concrete

As we find 11 bags of cement,624 kgs sand & 1194 kgs aggregate for 1 cubic metre of m25 grade of concrete.

Hence 11 bags cement = 620 kgs sand
For 1 bag of cement = 620/11= 57 kgs sand

Hence 11 bags of cement = 1150 kgs aggregate
For 1 bag of cement = 1150/11 = 105 kgs aggregate

Typically, 57 kg of sand and 105 kg aggregate are required per 50 kg bag of cement for m25 grade of concrete. Thus, You would need 57kg Sand and 105kg aggregate per 50kg bag of cement to make M25 concrete.

## Volume of sand & aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for M25 grade of concrete

As we find 11 bags of cement,18 cft sand & 36 cft aggregate for 1 cubic metre of m25 grade of concrete.

Hence 11 bags cement = 13.5 CFT sand
For 1 bag of cement = 18/11= 1.23 CFT sand

Hence 11 bags of cement = 27 CFT aggregate
For 1 bag of cement = 27/11 = 2.45 cft aggregate

Typically, 1.23 CFT sand & 2.45 CFT aggregate are required per 50 kg of cement bag for m25 grade of concrete. Thus, You would need 1.23 CFT Sand and 2.45 CFT aggregate per 50kg bag of cement to make M25 concrete.

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Conclusion:-

11 bags of 50 kg (0.385 m3, 554 kgs) cement, 13.6 CFT (0.385 m3, 620 kgs) sand & 27 CFT (0.77 m3, 1150 kgs) aggregate are required for 1 cubic meter of M25 concrete. Thus, To produce (make) 1m3 of M25 concrete you would need 11 bags of 50 kg cement, 13.6 CFT sand and 27 CFT of aggregate.

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