**Cement sand calculation for tiles of 100 sq.ft area and ****Cement sand calculation for tiles of 100 sq.ft are**a and how we calculate consumption of cement in fixing of tiles flooring and wall site

● **Description**:- cement sand calculation for tiles .in this topic we calculate cement sand calculation for tiles of 100 sq. ft area . We know that the tile is thin object material usually comes in the shape of square and rectangular and it is made of hard material like ceramic ,stone and used for generally covering of roof ,floors and wall.

**What are different steps of floor tile installation process**

● **Tile installation:-** we know that tile installation process require adhesive material like clay of cement and cement mortar for laying of tiles at flooring and wall site.

First we mix sand and cement and form mortar ,after preparing mortar work there is a coating and adhesive material of clay of cement for tile fixing for floor and wall site.

**What is thickness of cement mortar for flooring tiles installation**

● **Thickness of cement mortar:-**

thickness of cement mortar used in flooring tile installation is thicker than wall tile installation and thickness for cement mortar in flooring tile is about 1.5 inch and in wall tiles is 1 inch.

● **what is admixture of concrete and its types and properties.**

**cement mortar calculation for flooring tile installation of 100 sq.ft **

Now cement sand calculation for tile of 100 square feet we have given following:-

Area=100 sqft , thickness = 1.5 inch

First we should calculate wet volume of cement mortar

Wet volume = area ×thickness

Wet volume=100×1.5/12 Cu.ft (12″=1 ft)

**Wet volume = 12.5 cft**

We know that volume increased by 33% in case of dry volume calculation so we multiply cofactor 1.33 in wet volume for calculation of dry volume.

**Dry volume =12.5×1.33 = 16.625 cft**

● **mix ratio:-** generally flooring tile fixing ratio of cement sand used in flooring tile installation is 1 **ratio 3 (1:3)**

Cement/sand = 1:3, total R =1+3 = 4

**quantity of cement calculation for 100 sqft tile installation**

Volume of cement=part of C× Dv/tatal R

Putting all the value we get

Volume of cement= 1×16.625/4 =4.156cft

And also 20% extra amount of cement required for adhesive material and coating

20% extra cement=4.156×20/100=0.83125 cft

Hence total cement require for 100 square feet flooring tile installation is

Total volume of cement=4.156+0.83125cft

Total volume of cement=4.987 cft

We know that 1 bag cement is equal to 1.226 cft

**1bag cement volume=1.226 cft**

Number of bag of cement=4.987/1.226=4

**Hence we have require 4 bag of cement for flooring tile installation in 100 square feet area.**

● quantity calculation of sand:- in mix ratio 1:3 quantity of sand is 3 part in mix proportion

Volume of sand=3×16.625/4 cft

**Volume of sand = 12.468 cft**

**calculate quantity of cement mortar for flooring tile installation of 1000 sq. ft area**

**Solve:-**

Flooring tile instalation required for 100 sq.ft

Cement quantity = 4 bags cement

Sand required = 12.468 cubic feet

Hence flooring tile instalation required for 1000 sq.ft

**A) cement quantity calculation**

100 sq. ft = 4 bags cement

1 sq. ft = 4/100 bags cements

1000 sq. ft = 1000(4/100) bags cement

1000 sq. ft = 40 bags cement

**Hence flooring tiles fixing or installation of 1000 sq. ft required approx 40 bags of cement**

**B) Sand volume calculation in cft**

100 sq. ft tile fixing = 12.468 cubic ft sand

1 sq. ft = 12.468/100 cubic ft sand

1000 sq. ft = 1000 ( 12.468/100) cft sand

1000 sq. ft required= 124.68 cft sand

**Hence Hence flooring tiles fixing or installation of 1000 sq. ft required approx 124.68 cubic ft sand.**

**(Q3) calculate quantity of cement mortar for flooring tile installation of 2000 sq. ft area**

**Solve**:-

Flooring tile instalation required for 100 sq.ft

Cement quantity = 4 bags cement

Sand required = 12.468 cubic feet

Hence flooring tile instalation required for 2000 sq.ft

**A) cement quantity calculation**

100 sq. ft = 4 bags cement

1 sq. ft = 4/100 bags cements

2000 sq. ft = 2000(4/100) bags cement

2000 sq. ft = 80 bags cement

**Hence flooring tiles fixing or installation of 2000 sq. ft required approx 80 bags of cement**

**B) Sand volume calculation in cft**

100 sq. ft tile fixing = 12.468 cubic ft sand

1 sq. ft = 12.468/100 cubic ft sand

2000 sq. ft = 2000 ( 12.468/100) cft sand

2000 sq. ft required= 249.36 cft sand

**Hence Hence flooring tiles fixing or installation of 2000 sq. ft required approx 249.36 cubic ft sand.**

4 number of bags ( 200 Kg ) of cement and 12.468 cft sand quantity required for floor tile installation of 100 sq.ft

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