How to calculate quantity of steel in slab, column, beam & footing | steel calculation for slab | steel calculation for column | steel calculation for beam | steel calculation for footing.

Steel is one of the most important building material used in construction, as we know concrete is good in compression but weak in tension so we use Steel bar to enhance the tensile strength of concrete that’s why steel is also known as reinforcing bar or rebar.

Steel is embedded in concrete fibre to construct footing, beam, column and slab in residential and commercial houses. Column beam and footing, it’s all are load bearing structure safely transfer all incoming load to bed of soil.

In this article we know about how to calculate quantity of steel in slab column, beam & footing. We will follow thumb rules to calculate the Steel quantity needed for RCC slab, beam, column and footing.

Thumb rules refer to any easily learned process or standard based on practical experience rather than theory, it is not strictly to accurate or reliable for every situation, it give give us quick decision at construction site.

**How to calculate quantity of steel in slab, column, beam & footing**

Steel calculation for slab: To calculate the quantity of steel needed for RCC slab, measure the Length, Width and Thickness in meter, multiply all together to get volume of rcc slab in cubic meter. Multiply 1% to volume of slab to density of steel (7850 kg/m3) to get quantity of steel required for slab in kg.

◆ **Important Link**

**● Unit weight of steel bars: (8mm, 10mm, 12mm, 16mm & 20mm)**

**Example 1**

**FOR SLAB**

How to calculate quantity of steel in slab having the length, width and depth of slab is 6m × 5m × 0.10m.

As per thumb Rule Steel quantity required for RCC slab should be 1% of total volume of concrete slab.

● Calculate volume of concrete as 6m × 5m × 0.10m= 3m3:- here we have slab of 6 meter length, 5 meters width and 100mm or 4″ thick, so volume of concrete of slab = 6m × 5m × 0.10m= 3m3.

● Calculate Steel quantity in slab as 1% of volume of concrete = 0.01× 7850× 3= 236kg:- according to using Thumb Rule Steel quantity required for RCC slab should be 1% of total volume of concrete, here steel density = 7850 kg/m3, so quantity of steel in slab = 0.01× 7850× 3= 236kg.

Steel calculation for column: To calculate the quantity of steel needed for column, measure the Length, Width and Thickness of column in meter, multiply all together to get volume of rcc concrete column in cubic meter. Multiply 2.5% to volume of column to density of steel (7850 kg/m3) to get quantity of steel required for column in kg.

**Example 2**

**FOR COLUMN**

How to calculate quantity of steel for 10 column having the length, width and height of column is 0.30m × 0.30m × 4.5m.

As per Thumb Rule Steel quantity required for RCC column should be 2.5% of total volume of concrete.

● Calculate volume of concrete as 0.30m × 0.30m × 4.5m × 10 = 4.05m3:- here we have 10 column of 0.30 meter length, 5 meters width and 4.5 meters in height, so volume of concrete of 10 column = 0.30m × 0.30m × 4.5m × 10 = 4.05m3.

● Calculate Steel quantity for column as 2.5% of volume of concrete = 0.025× 7850× 4.05= 795 kg:- according to using Thumb Rule Steel quantity required for RCC column should be 2.5% of total volume of concrete, here steel density = 7850 kg/m3, so quantity of steel for column = 0.025× 7850× 4.05= 795 kg.

Steel calculation for beam: To calculate the quantity of steel needed for rcc beam, measure the Length, Width and Thickness of beam in meter, multiply all together to get volume of concrete rcc beam in cubic meter. Multiply 2% to volume of beam to density of steel (7850 kg/m3) to get quantity of steel required for beam in kg.

**Example 3**

**IN BEAM**

How to calculate quantity of steel in beam having the length, width and thickness of beam is 100m × 0.230m × 0.230m.

As per Thumb Rule Steel quantity required in RCC beam should be 2% of total volume of concrete.

● Calculate volume of concrete as 100m × 0.230m × 0.230m = 5.29m3:- here we have total length of beam is 100m, 230mm width and 230mm in thickness, so volume of concrete for 100m beam = 0.230m × 0.230m × 100m = 5.29m3.

● Calculate Steel quantity in beam as 2% of volume of concrete = 0.02× 7850× 5.29= 830 kg:- according to using Thumb Rule Steel quantity required in RCC beam should be 2% of total volume of concrete, here steel density = 7850 kg/m3, so quantity of steel in beam = 0.02× 7850× 5.29 = 830 kg.

Steel calculation for footing: To calculate the quantity of steel needed for rcc footing, measure the Length, Width and Thickness of footing in meter, multiply all together to get volume of beam in cubic meter. Multiply 0.5% to volume of concrete footing to density of steel (7850 kg/m3) to get quantity of steel required for footing in kg.

**Example 4**

**IN FOOTING**

How to calculate quantity of steel in footing having the length, width and thickness of one footing is 3m × 3m × 0.3m.

As per Thumb Rule Steel quantity required in footing should be 0.5% of total volume of concrete.

● Calculate volume of concrete as 3m × 3m × 0.3m = 2.7m3:- here we have length of footing is 3m, 3mm width and 300mm in thickness, so volume of concrete for one footing = 3m × 3m × 0.3m = 2.7m3.

● Calculate Steel quantity in footing as 0.5% of volume of concrete = 0.005× 7850× 2.7= 106 kg:- according to using Thumb Rule Steel quantity required in footing should be 0.5% of total volume of concrete, here steel density = 7850 kg/m3, so quantity of steel in footing = 0.005× 7850× 2.7 = 106 kg.

**How much quantity of steel required for slab, beam, column and footing per 1m3 of concrete**

**Example 1**

**IN SLAB**

How much quantity of steel required in slab per 1m3 of concrete

● As given volume of concrete 1m3 of slab

● Calculate Steel quantity in slab as 1% of volume of concrete = 0.01× 7850× 1= 78.50kg:- according to using Thumb Rule Steel quantity required for RCC slab should be 1% of total volume of concrete, here steel density = 7850 kg/m3, so quantity of steel in 1m3 of concrete slab = 0.01× 7850× 1= 78.50kg, so, therefore 78.50kg of Steel are required for slab per 1m3 of concrete.

**Notes**: 78.50kg of Steel are required for slab per 1m3 of concrete.

**Example 2**

**FOR COLUMN**

How much quantity of steel required for column per 1m3 concrete.

● As given volume of concrete 1m3 of column

● Calculate Steel quantity required for column as 2.5% of volume of concrete = 0.025× 7850× 1= 196kg:- according to using Thumb Rule Steel quantity required for RCC column should be 2.5% of total volume of concrete, here steel density = 7850 kg/m3, so quantity of steel in 1m3 of concrete column = 0.025× 7850× 1= 196kg, so, therefore 196kg of Steel are required for column per 1m3 of concrete.

**Notes**: 196kg of Steel are required for column per 1m3 of concrete.

**Example 3**

**FOR BEAM**

How much quantity of steel required for beam per 1m3 concrete.

● As given volume of concrete 1m3 of beam

● Calculate Steel quantity required for beam as 2% of volume of concrete = 0.02× 7850× 1= 157kg:- according to using Thumb Rule Steel quantity required for RCC beam should be 2% of total volume of concrete, here steel density = 7850 kg/m3, so quantity of steel in 1m3 of concrete beam = 0.02× 7850× 1= 157kg, so, therefore 157kg of Steel are required for beam per 1m3 of concrete.

**Notes**: 157kg of Steel are required for beam per 1m3 of concrete.

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**Example 4**

**FOR FOOTING**

How much quantity of steel required for footing per 1m3 concrete.

● As given volume of concrete 1m3 of footing

● Calculate Steel quantity required for footing as 0.5% of volume of concrete = 0.005× 7850× 1= 39.25kg:- according to using Thumb Rule Steel quantity required for RCC footing should be 0.5% of total volume of concrete, here steel density = 7850 kg/m3, so quantity of steel in 1m3 of concrete footing = 0.005× 7850× 1= 39.25kg, so, therefore 39.25kg of Steel are required for footing per 1m3 of concrete.

Notes: approx 40kg of Steel are required for footing per 1m3 of concrete.

**Conclusion:**

To calculate the quantity of steel needed for rcc structure, multiply the Length, Width and Thickness in meter to get volume of concrete in m3. Multiply 1% to volume of concrete slab to density of steel (7850 kg/m3) to get quantity of steel required for slab in kg.