# Quantity of water required per 50kg bag of cement for M20, M15 & M25 concrete

The quantity of water required per 50kg bag of cement for different concrete mix designs, such as M20, M15, and M25, can vary based on several factors, including the desired workability and environmental conditions. However, here are approximate water-cement ratios for these common concrete mixes:

1. For M20 Grade Concrete: A typical water-cement ratio is around 0.45 to 0.55. So, for a 50kg bag of cement, you would need approximately 22.5 to 27.5 liters of water.

2. For M15 Grade Concrete: The water-cement ratio for M15 is typically higher, around 0.6 to 0.65. Therefore, for a 50kg bag of cement, you might need about 30 to 32.5 liters of water.

3. For M25 Grade Concrete: M25 is a stronger mix, and the water-cement ratio is usually lower, around 0.40 to 0.50. For a 50kg bag of cement, you would require approximately 20 to 25 liters of water.

4. For M10 Concrete (1:3:6 mix): Water-Cement Ratio: 0.5 to 0.55. So, for a 50kg bag of cement, you would need 25 to 27.5 liters of water.

5. For M7.5 Concrete (1:4:8 mix): Water-Cement Ratio: 0.55 to 0.6. For a 50kg bag of cement, you would need 27.5 to 30 liters of water.

6. For M5 Concrete (1:5:10 mix): Water-Cement Ratio: 0.6 to 0.65. For a 50kg bag of cement, you would need 30 to 32.5 liters of water.

Concrete is prepared by mixing of cement sand aggregate and water with some admixture in a required proportion to achieve desirable strength, it makes workable paste of concrete with fine consistency required to poured for good placing and compaction.

Strength & workability of concrete depends on water/ cement ratio which falls under 0.4 to 0.6 as per IS456 code book for nominal mix, as water cement ratio is defined as the ratio between the weight of water to the weight of cement, it is represented by w/c ratio. In general terms it is stated that how much water it requires for particular mix. As water cement ratio greatly affect the strength of concrete and it can also affect the workability and consistency of concrete.

There are several grade of concrete such as M5, M7.5, M10, M15, M20 and M25 categorised according to their compressive strength. In M15 concrete M stand for mix and numerical figure stand for their compressive strength. We all know that water cement ratio will directly affect the strength of concrete either it increases the strength if used in direct proportion or decrease it.

M15 concrete signifies mixture of cement, sand and aggregate which are prepared in such a manner that a cement concrete cube of size 15cm x 15cm x 15cm is formed with characteristic of compressive strength (fck) of 15 MPa or 15 N/mm2 while examining it after being cured for 28 days. Adopted nominal mix ratio for M15 concrete is 1:2:4 (1 part cement to 2 parts sand and to 4 parts aggregate).

M20 concrete signifies mixture of cement, sand and aggregate which are prepared in such a manner that a cement concrete cube of size 15cm x 15cm x 15cm is formed with characteristic of compressive strength (fck) of 20 MPa or 20 N/mm2 while examining it after being cured for 28 days. Adopted nominal mix ratio for M20 concrete is 1:1.5:3 (1 part cement to 1.5 parts sand and to 3 parts aggregate).

M25 concrete signifies mixture of cement, sand and aggregate which are prepared in such a manner that a cement concrete cube of size 15cm x 15cm x 15cm is formed with characteristic of compressive strength (fck) of 25 MPa or 25 N/mm2 while examining it after being cured for 28 days. Adopted nominal mix ratio for M25 concrete is 1:1:2 (1 part cement to 1 parts sand and to 2 parts aggregate).

How much water do I need per 50kg bag of cement for nominal mix?, its depending on many factors, water cement ratio which range between 0.4 to 0.6 in several exposure condition, generally water comes with amount of cement you are using in the concrete mix, so every kg of cement need about minimum 0.40 litres of water and maximum 0.60 litres. Its also depend on type of concrete grade, weather condition and strength of concrete do you want.

## Quantity of water required per 50kg bag of cement for M20, M15, M10, M7.5, & M25 concrete

Quantity of water needed per 50kg bag of cement for normal mix of concrete depending on water cement ratio which falls under 0.4 to 0.6, it means every 1kg of cement will need minimum 0.4 litre of water and maximum about 0.6 litres, therefore, for a 50kg bag of cement water required is about 20 to 30 litres on different exposure condition. Maths calculation such as minimum water quantity per 50kg cement = 50×0.4 = 20 litres, & maximum water quantity per 50kg cement = 50×0.6 = 30 litres.

In general practices, on average, for a bag of 50kg cement usually the quantity of water required is about 25 litres for nominal mix of concrete, as w/c ratio is 0.5 in mild exposure, so, quantity of water = 50×0.5 = 25 litres.

### Quantity of water needed per 50 kg bag of cement for M20 grade of concrete

Most important 3 ingredient of concrete cement, sand and gravel have almost same density, generally they are mixed in the ratio of 1:1.5:3 (1 part cement to 1.5 parts sand & 3 parts aggregate by volume) to gain 20 MPa strength of concrete and water should be added in the range of 55% of weight of cement in mild exposure condition for M20 concrete.

How do you calculate water for m20 concrete?, this has been calculated in following steps:-

● assume wet quantity of nominal mix of M20 concrete is about 1m3, so dry volume of concrete = 1× 1.54 = 1.54m3

● calculate part of cement in mix, total proprtion such as 1 +1.5+3 = 5.5, then quantity of cement = 1/5.5 of dry volume

● calculate required cement quantity = 1/5.5 × 1.54 × 1440 kg/m3 = 403kg

● calculate required quantity of water, as 0.55 is w/c ratio for m20 concrete, so quantity of water required for 1m3 of nominal mix of m20 concrete is about 240 litres, maths calculation such as 403 × 0.55 = 220 litres.

As per IS456 code book, in mild exposure condition w/c ratio for normal mix of M20 concrete is about 0.55, so for a 50kg bag of cement water required is about 28 litres. Maths calculation such as water quantity = (220 ÷ 403)× 50 = 28litres.

Maximum quantity of water needed per 50kg bag of cement for nominal mix of M20 grade of concrete is about 30 litres on mild exposure environmental conditions. Maths calculation such as maximum w/c ratio is 0.60, water quantity for 403kg cement = 403× 0.6 = 240 litres, so water required per 50kg cement = (240÷403) × 50 = 30 litres.

Minimum quantity of water needed per 50kg bag of cement for nominal mix of M20 grade of concrete is about 20 litres on extreme exposure environmental conditions. Maths calculation such as minimum w/c ratio is 0.40, water quantity for 403kg cement = 403× 0.4 = 160 litres, so water required per 50kg cement = (160÷403) × 50 = 20 litres.

### Quantity of water needed per 50 kg bag of cement for M15 grade of concrete

For M15 concrete they are mixed in the ratio of 1:2:4 (1 part cement to 2 parts sand & 4 parts aggregate by volume) to gain 15 MPa strength of concrete and water should be added in the range of 60% of weight of cement in moderate exposure condition for M15 concrete.

How do you calculate water for m15 concrete?, this has been calculated in following steps:-

● assume wet quantity of nominal mix of M15 concrete is about 1m3, so dry volume of concrete = 1× 1.54 = 1.54m3

● calculate part of cement in mix, total proportion such as 1 +2+4 = 7, then quantity of cement = 1/7 of dry volume

● calculate required cement quantity = 1/7 × 1.54 × 1440 kg/m3 = 317kg

● calculate required quantity of water, as 0.60 is w/c ratio for m15 concrete, so quantity of water required for 1m3 of nominal mix of m15 concrete is about 190 litres, maths calculation such as 317 × 0.60 = 190 litres.

As per IS456 code book, in mild exposure condition w/c ratio for normal mix of M15 concrete is about 0.60, so for a 50kg bag of cement water required is about 30 litres. Maths calculation such as water quantity = (190 ÷ 317)× 50 = 30 litres.

Maximum quantity of water needed per 50kg bag of cement for nominal mix of M15 grade of concrete is about 32 litres on mild exposure environmental conditions. Maths calculation such as maximum w/c ratio for m15 is 0.65, water quantity for 317kg cement = 317× 0.65 = 206 litres, so water required per 50kg cement = (206÷317) × 50 = 32 litres.

Minimum quantity of water needed per 50kg bag of cement for nominal mix of M15 grade of concrete is about 20 litres on extreme exposure environmental conditions. Maths calculation such as minimum w/c ratio is 0.40, water quantity for 403kg cement = 317× 0.4 = 127 litres, so water required per 50kg cement = (127÷317) × 50 = 20 litres.

### Quantity of water needed per 50 kg bag of cement for M25 grade of concrete

For M25 concrete they are mixed in the ratio of 1:1:2 (1 part cement to 1 parts sand & 2 parts aggregate by volume) to gain 25 MPa strength of concrete and water should be added in the range of 50% of weight of cement in moderate exposure condition for M25 concrete.

How do you calculate water for m25 concrete?, this has been calculated in following steps:-

● assume wet quantity of nominal mix of M25 concrete is about 1m3, so dry volume of concrete = 1× 1.54 = 1.54m3

● calculate part of cement in mix, total proprtion such as 1 +1+2 = 4, then quantity of cement = 1/4 of dry volume

● calculate required cement quantity = 1/4 × 1.54 × 1440 kg/m3 = 554kg

● calculate required quantity of water, as 0.50 is w/c ratio for m25 concrete, so quantity of water required for 1m3 of nominal mix of m25 concrete is about 280 litres, maths calculation such as 554 × 0.50 = 280 litres.

As per IS456 code book, in mild exposure condition w/c ratio for normal mix of M25 concrete is about 0.50, so for a 50kg bag of cement water required is about 25 litres. Maths calculation such as water quantity = (280 ÷ 554)× 50 = 25 litres.

Maximum quantity of water needed per 50kg bag of cement for nominal mix of M25 grade of concrete is about 30 litres on mild exposure environmental conditions. Maths calculation such as maximum w/c ratio is 0.55 for m25, water quantity for 554kg cement = 554× 0.55 = 305 litres, so water required per 50kg cement = (305÷ 554) × 50 = 28 litres.

### Quantity of water needed per 50 kg bag of cement for M10 grade of concrete

For M10 concrete they are mixed in the ratio of 1:3:6 (1 part cement to 3 parts sand & 6 parts aggregate by volume) to gain 10 MPa strength of concrete and water should be added maximum in the range of 68% of weight of cement in moderate exposure condition for M10 concrete.

How do you calculate water for m10 concrete?, this has been calculated in following steps:-

● assume wet quantity of nominal mix of M10 concrete is about 1m3, so dry volume of concrete = 1× 1.54 = 1.54m3

● calculate part of cement in mix, total proprtion such as 1 +3+6 = 10, then quantity of cement = 1/10 of dry volume

● calculate required cement quantity = 1/10 × 1.54 × 1440 kg/m3 = 226kg

● calculate required quantity of water, as 0.68 is maximum w/c ratio for m10 concrete, so quantity of water required for 1m3 of nominal mix of m10 concrete is about 280 litres, maths calculation such as 226 × 0.68 = 154 litres.

Maximum quantity of water needed per 50kg bag of cement for nominal mix of M10 grade of concrete is about 34 litres on mild exposure environmental conditions. Maths calculation such as maximum w/c ratio is 0.68 for m10, water quantity for 226kg cement = 226× 0.68 = 154 litres, so water required per 50kg cement = (154÷ 226) × 50 = 34 litres.

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### Quantity of water needed per 50 kg bag of cement for M7.5 grade of concrete

For M7.5 concrete they are mixed in the ratio of 1:4:8 (1 part cement to 4 parts sand & 8 parts aggregate by volume) to gain 7.5 MPa strength of concrete and water should be added maximum in the range of 90% of weight of cement in moderate exposure condition for M7.5 concrete.

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How do you calculate water for m7.5 concrete?, this has been calculated in following steps:-

● assume wet quantity of nominal mix of M7.5 concrete is about 1m3, so dry volume of concrete = 1× 1.54 = 1.54m3

● calculate part of cement in mix, total proportion such as 1 +4+8 = 13, then quantity of cement = 1/13 of dry volume

● calculate required cement quantity = 1/13 × 1.54 × 1440 kg/m3 = 171kg

● calculate required quantity of water, as 0.9 is maximum w/c ratio for m7.5 concrete, so quantity of water required for 1m3 of nominal mix of m7.5 concrete is about 280 litres, maths calculation such as 171 × 0.90 = 154 litres.

Maximum quantity of water needed per 50kg bag of cement for nominal mix of M7.5 grade of concrete is about 45 litres on mild exposure environmental conditions. Maths calculation such as maximum w/c ratio is 0.90 for m7.5, water quantity for 171kg cement = 171× 0.90 = 154 litres, so water required per 50kg cement = (154÷ 171) × 50 = 45 litres.