# Sand calculation | how much sand do I need

The amount of sand you need depends on the specific project or application. To calculate the amount of sand required, you’ll need to know the dimensions of the area you want to fill with sand (length, width, and depth). Once you have these measurements, you can use the following formula: Volume = Length x Width x Depth.

For example, if you want to fill a rectangular area that is 10 feet long, 5 feet wide, and you want the sand to be 0.5 feet deep, the calculation would be: Volume = 10 ft x 5 ft x 0.5 ft = 25 cubic feet.

Sand or fine aggregate is one of the most important building material required in every civil construction work, its required for fill the excavation area, used as backfills, required for preparing the concrete mix, useful in plastering, flooring, blockwork and brickwork, used in mortar mix, mortar mix for tiles laying, mix for rendering, and etc.

Generally sand quantity measured in volume and their mass, volume of sand based on Imperial or US customary measurement system measured in cubic yard, cubic feet and cubic inch, and based on metric system and Indian Standard measured in cubic metre, cft and brass. Mass of sand generally measured in kilograms, pounds and tons.

Sand is a granular material composed of finely divided fragments of sedimentary, Metamorphic and igneous rock with mineral particles. Particle size of sand ranging from 0.05mm to 2mm, their grain particles are smaller than gravel and coarser than silt.

Rocks eroded or weather over a long period of time mainly by water, wind, alkaline and acidic effect. Their eroded parts or sediment transported along the downstream, it sediments even broken into a smaller pieces and till they become a fine grain of sand.

Sand is collected along the river Basin as river sand, along the shoreline as beach sand, bank of ocean as marine sand and in the flood plain area. The sand collected from river, beach, ocean are ideal for construction work and it is highly demanded for concreting work. There is a plenty full of sand present in desert areas but this sand is not ideal for construction.

Marine sand comes from sediments or particles of grains transported into the ocean and the erosion of ocean rocks, Europe is the main miners of marine sand.

During the estimating sand and crushed stone quantity for your construction work, prepairing of concrete mortar, you can do sand calculation to know about how much sand do i need and how much sand in truck you can load.

Weight of sand depends on the rocks type, loose and dense condition, compact, moisture content, dry and wet condition, river sand, beach sand and washed sand others inorganic mixed in the sand. In general, for estimating sand material purpose, contractor’s and Builder’s yields their weight to be 2700 lb/yd3 or 1.35 short tons per yard, 100 lb/ CF, or 1600kg/m3.

## Sand calculation | how much sand do I need

For estimating you can do sand calculation for how much sand do I need and how to calculate sand quantity, generally you calculate volume of excavation or backfill by multiplying length, width and their depth which is equal to volume of required sand quantity.

### Yards of sand calculation formula

A cubic yard of sand, which visually is 3 feet long by 3 feet wide and by 3 feet height, which is equal as 27 cubic feet when multiply length by width by height= 3’×3’×3′ = 27 cubic feet.

Yards of sand calculation formula:- multiply the length by the width to determine square footage. Convert the thickness from inches to feet. Multiply the thickness in feet by the square footage to determine cubic feet. Convert cubic feet to cubic yards by multiplying by 0.037. This is dirt calculation formula.

Cubic feet of sand calculation formula = Length (in ft) × Width (in ft) × Height (in ft)

Cubic yards of sand calculation formula = Cubic feet of sand × 0.037, or Cubic feet of sand ÷ 27.

Tons of sand calculation formula = Cubic yards of sand × 1.35.

### How to calculate yards of sand for excavation

To calculate amount of yards of sand for excavation:- measure the all dimensions of excavation in feet, then multiply length by width to get square footage, and then square footage multiply by thickness in feet, and multiply the resulting number by 0.037 to find cubic yards of sand.

For example:- if your excavation is 8 foot long by 4 foot wide by 2 feet high, you do the following calculation:- 1) sand quantity in cubic feet = 8’×4’×2′ = 64 cubic feet, 3) sand quantity in yards = 64× 0.037 = 2.368 yards, and 3) sand quantity in tons = 2.368×1.35 = 3.2 tons. Thus, you will need 2.368 cubic yards (64 cubic feet or 3.2 tons) of sand to fill 8’×4’×2′ dimensions of excavation.

The volume of sand needed is equal to the volume of excavation or backfill you need to fill, so you will need about 64 cubic feet or 2.368 cubic yards of sand to fill 8′ × 4′ × 2′ dimension of your excavation or backfill.

### How to figure yards of sand

To figure amount of yards of sand:- measure the all dimensions of cuboidal box in feet, then multiply length by width to get square footage, and then square footage multiply by thickness in feet to get cubic feet, and multiply the resulting number by 0.037 to find cubic yards of sand.

Cubic yards of sand calculation formula = Cubic feet of sand × 0.037, or Cubic feet of Sand ÷ 27.

To figure yards of sand required to fill a box of dimensions 4’×2’×2.5′ in following steps:- 1) sand quantity in cubic feet = 4’×2’×2.5′ = 20 cubic feet, 3) sand quantity in yards = 20× 0.037 = 0.74 yards, and 3) sand quantity in tons = 0.74×1.35 = 1 ton approximately.

To fill a box with a width of 2 feet and a length of 4 feet, to a depth of 2.5 feet, you will need 20 cubic feet, or 0.74 cubic yards, or 1 ton of sand approximately.

### How much sand do I need

Calculate the volume of sand needed which is equal to volume of excavation or backfills.

How much sand do i need?- the volume of sand needed is equal to the volume of excavation or backfill you need to fill. Determine the Length and width of the cuboidal excavation. Calculate the area of the excavation by multiplying the length by width. Established the depth of excavation. Multiply the area by the depth of excavation to obtain its volume. The volume of the sand required is equal to the volume of excavation.

You can do sand calculation in following methods:-

1) determine the length width and depth of excavation or backfills, it may be in cuboidal round or irregular shape, suppose length of cuboidal shaped excavation = 10 feet, width of excavation = 5 feet and depth = 2 feet

2) Calculate Area of excavation by multiplying Length and width, such as 10 ft × 5 ft = 50 sq ft

3) calculate volume of excavation by multiplying area and depth, such as 50 sq ft × 2 ft = 100 cubic feet or 3.7 cubic yards

4) the volume of sand needed is equal to the volume of excavation or backfill you need to fill, so you will need about 100 cubic feet or 3.7 cubic yards of sand to fill 10′ × 5′ × 2′ dimension of your excavation or backfill.

### Sand calculation in cubic feet

1 cubic feet of sand define as heaped of sand 1 ft long by 1 ft wide by 1 ft height, known as cubic feet, regarding this, sand calculation in cubic feet, formula for number of cubic feet = length (in feet) × width (in feet) × depth (in feet), in general, for sand calculation in cubic feet, multiply the three dimensions length, width and depth together to find the number of cubic feet.

FOR EXAMPLE:-

To fill a box with a width of 2 feet and a length of 4 feet, to a depth of 2.5 feet, for sand calculation in cubic feet, multiply the three dimensions length, width and depth together to find the number of cubic feet, such as 2 ft x 4 ft x 2.5 ft = 20 ft3 (cubic feet) of sand quantity.

### Sand calculation in cubic yards

1 cubic yard is define as 3 feet long by 3 feet wide by 3 feet depth, which is equal to 27 cubic feet, such as 1 cubic yard = 27 CF, regarding this, sand calculation in cubic yards, formula for number of cubic yards = length (in feet) × width (in feet) × depth (in feet) ÷ 27, in general, for sand calculation in cubic yards, multiply the three dimensions length, width and depth together to find the number of cubic feet, then divide by 27 to find the number of cubic yards.

FOR EXAMPLE:-

To fill a backfill of 10 ft length by 5 ft width to the 2 ft depth, for sand calculation in cubic yards, multiply the three dimensions length, width and depth together to find the number of cubic feet, then divide by 27 to find the number of cubic yards, such as 5 ft x 10 ft x 2 ft = 100 ft3 (cubic feet) ÷ 27 = 3.7 cubic yards of sand quantity.

### Sand calculation in cubic metres

if length, width and height of inner edge of body of sand loaded tipper truck is 4.62 m × 2.4 m × 1.45 m respectively, then volume of sand in one truck is calculated by multiplying all inner edge dimension of truck, such as 4.62 m × 2.4 m × 1.45 m is 16 cubic metres, so 16 m3 is volume of sand in one tipper truck of dimensions 4.62 m × 2.4 m × 1.45 m.

### Sand calculation cft to kg

Regarding this sand calculation cft to kg, formula for sand quantity in kg = length (in feet) × width (in feet) × depth (in feet) × 45, in general, for sand calculation cft to kg, multiply the three dimensions length, width and depth together to find the number of cubic feet, then multiply by 45 to find the weight of sand cft to kg.

FOR EXAMPLE:-

To fill a lorry with a width of 5 feet and a length of 10 feet, to a depth of 2 feet, for sand calculation cft to kg, multiply the three dimensions length, width and depth together to find the number of cubic feet, then multiply by 45 to find the weight of sand cft to kg, such as 5 ft x 10 ft x 2 ft = 100 ft3 (cubic feet) × 45 = 4500 kg of sand

### Sand calculation cft to mt

Regarding this sand calculation cft to mt, formula for sand quantity in metric tons = {(length in feet) × (width in feet) × (depth in feet) × (45)} ÷1000, in general, for sand calculation cft to mt, multiply the three dimensions length, width and depth together to find the number of cubic feet, then multiply by 45 to find the weight of sand in kg, and then after divide by 1000 to get sand quantity cft to mt

FOR EXAMPLE:-

To fill a lorry with a width of 5 feet and a length of 10 feet, to a depth of 2 feet, for sand calculation cft to mt, multiply the three dimensions length, width and depth together to find the number of cubic feet, then multiply by 45 to find the weight of sand cft to kg, then after divide by 1000 to get sand quantity cft to mt, such as 5 ft x 10 ft x 2 ft = 100 ft3 (cubic feet) × 45 = 4500 kg ÷ 1000 = 4.5 metric tons (MT) of sand quantity in lorry.

### Sand calculation in brass

Regarding this sand calculation in brass, formula for sand quantity in brass = length (in feet) × width (in feet) × depth (in feet) ÷ 100, in general, for sand calculation cft to brass, multiply the three dimensions length, width and depth together to find the number of cubic feet, then divide by 100 to find the volume of sand in brass.

FOR EXAMPLE:-

To fill a tractor lorry with a width of 6 feet and a length of 10 feet, to a depth of 2 feet, for sand calculation cft to brass, multiply the three dimensions length, width and depth together to find the number of cubic feet, then divide by 100 to find the volume of sand cft to brass, such as 6 ft x 10 ft x 2 ft = 120 ft3 (cubic feet) ÷ 100 = 1.2 brass or 1.2 units sand quantity.

### Sand calculation CF to cubic yards

Regarding this sand calculation CF to CY, formula for sand quantity in cubic yards = length (in feet) × width (in feet) × depth (in feet) ÷ 27, in general, for sand calculation CF to CY, multiply the three dimensions length, width and depth together to find the number of cubic feet, then divide by 27 to find the volume of sand CF to CY.

FOR EXAMPLE:-

To fill a lorry with a width of 5 feet and a length of 10 feet, to a depth of 2 feet, for sand calculation CF to CY, multiply the three dimensions length, width and depth together to find the number of cubic feet, then divide by 27 to find the volume of sand cubic feet to cubic yards, such as 5 ft x 10 ft x 2 ft = 100 ft3 (cubic feet) ÷ 27 = 3.7 cubic yards of sand

### Sand calculation CFT to m3

Regarding this sand calculation CFT to m3, formula for sand quantity in cubic metres = length (in feet) × width (in feet) × depth (in feet) ÷ 35.32, in general, for sand calculation CFT to m3, multiply the three dimensions length, width and depth together to find the number of cubic feet, then divide by 35.32 to find the volume of sand CFT to me (cubic metres).

FOR EXAMPLE:-

To fill a lorry with a width of 5 feet and a length of 10 feet, to a depth of 2 feet, for sand calculation CFT to m3, multiply the three dimensions length, width and depth together to find the number of cubic feet, then divide by 35.32 to find the volume of sand cubic feet to cubic metres, such as 5 ft x 10 ft x 2 ft = 100 ft3 (cubic feet) ÷ 35.32 = 2.83 cubic metres of sand.

### Sand calculation formula

The volume of sand needed is equal to the volume of excavation or backfill you need to fill, and equal as volume of sand loaded truck, lorry, tractor, Dumper, or pickup, there are various formula used for sand calculation, some are as follows:-

CFT to kg:- (Length in feet × width in feet × depth in feet) × 45 = sand weight in kg, for example convert 10 cft sand to kg, by using above mentioned sand calculation cft to kg formula, such as 10 × 45 = 450 kg of sand

CFT to CY:- (Length in feet × width in feet × depth in feet) ÷ 27 = sand volume in cubic yards, for example convert 100 cft sand to cubic yards, by using above mentioned sand calculation cft to CY formula, such as 100 ÷ 27 = 3.7 cubic yards of sand

CFT to mt:- {(Length in feet × width in feet × depth in feet) × 45} ÷ 1000 = sand weight in MT (metric tons), for example convert 100 cft sand to metric tons, by using above mentioned sand calculation cft to mt formula, such as (100 × 45) ÷ 1000 = 4.5 MT of sand

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CFT to m3:- (Length in feet × width in feet × depth in feet) ÷ 35.32 = sand volume in cubic metres, for example convert 100 cft sand to cubic metres, by using above mentioned sand calculation cft to m3 formula, such as 100 ÷ 35.32 = 2.83 m3 of sand

CFT to brass:- (Length in feet × width in feet × depth in feet) ÷ 100 = sand volume in brass, for example convert 120 cft sand to brass, by using above mentioned sand calculation cft to brass formula, such as 120 ÷ 100 = 1.2 brass or 1 unit of sand.

### Sand m3 calculation

Suppose 1m3 of wet volume of concrete mix is prepared in the ratio of 1 parts cement to 2 parts sand to 4 parts aggregate, total sum = 1+2+4 = 7, parts of sand volume = 2/7, volume of dry ingredients of concrete is more than 54 % to wet volume, so dry volume = 1.54m3, regarding this, sand m3 calculation, volume of sand in dry mix = 2/7 × 1.54 = 0.44 m3 of sand, which is approximately equal as 15.5 cft, 0.57 cubic yards, 700 kg, 0.7 MT or 1550 pounds of sand quantity.

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### Sand calculation in lorry

Calculate the volume of sand needed which is equal to volume of sand in loaded lorry, you can do sand calculation in lorry in following methods:-

1) measures the length width and depth of tractor lorry loaded with sand, suppose length of lorry = 10 feet, width of lorry = 5 feet and depth = 2 feet

2) Calculate Area of sand loaded lorry by multiplying Length and width, such as 10 ft × 5 ft = 50 sq ft

3) calculate volume of sand loaded lorry by multiplying area and depth, such as 50 sq ft × 2 ft = 100 cubic feet or 3.7 cubic yards

4) the volume of sand needed is equal to the volume of lorry loaded with sand, so volume of lorry loaded with sand about 100 cubic feet or 3.7 cubic yards.

Regarding this, sand calculation in lorry, if length, width and height of inner edge of body of sand loaded lorry is 10 ft × 5 ft × 2 ft respectively, then volume of sand in one lorry is calculated by multiplying all inner edge dimension of lorry, such as 10 ft × 5 ft × 2 ft is 100 cubic feet, so 100 CFT is volume of sand in one lorry of dimensions 10 ft × 5 ft × 2 ft.

### Sand calculation in truck

Calculate the volume of sand needed which is equal to volume of sand in loaded truck, you can do sand calculation in truck in following methods:-

1) measures the length, width and depth of medium size truck, or tipper loaded with sand, suppose length of truck = 4.62 m, width of truck = 2.4 m and depth = 1.45 m

2) Calculate Area of sand loaded truck by multiplying Length and width, such as 4.62 m × 2.4 m = 11 sq m

3) calculate volume of sand loaded truck by multiplying area and depth, such as 11 sq m × 1.45 m = 16 cubic metres

4) the volume of sand needed is equal to the volume of truck or tipper loaded with sand, so volume of truck loaded with sand about 16 cubic metres

Regarding this, sand calculation in truck, if length, width and height of inner edge of body of sand loaded truck is 4.62 m × 2.4 m × 1.45 m respectively, then volume of sand in one truck is calculated by multiplying all inner edge dimension of truck, such as 4.62 m × 2.4 m × 1.45 m is 16 cubic meters, so 16 m3 is volume of sand in one truck of dimensions 4.62 m × 2.4 m × 1.45 m.

### Sand backfill calculation

Calculate the volume of sand needed which is equal to volume of backfills, you can do sand backfill calculation in following methods:-

1) determine the length width and depth of backfills, it may be in cuboidal round or irregular shape, suppose length of cuboidal shaped backfill = 10 feet, width of backfill = 5 feet and depth = 2 feet

2) Calculate Area of backfill by multiplying Length and width, such as 10 ft × 5 ft = 50 sq ft

3) calculate volume of backfill by multiplying area and depth, such as 50 sq ft × 2 ft = 100 cubic feet or 3.7 cubic yards

4) the volume of sand needed is equal to the volume of backfill you need to fill, so you will need about 100 cubic feet or 3.7 cubic yards of sand to fill 10′ × 5′ × 2′ dimension of your backfill.

Conclusions:-

To calculate amount of yards of sand for excavation, measure the all dimensions of excavation in feet, then multiply length by width to get square footage, and then square footage multiply by thickness in feet, and multiply the resulting number by 0.037 to find cubic yards of sand.