The ratio of sand to cement in a concrete mix can vary depending on the specific application and desired strength. A common ratio is 1 part cement to 2 parts sand, which is often referred to as a 1:2 mix. However, for different projects, you may use different ratios.

The ratio of sand to cement in mortar mix can vary depending on the specific application and requirements, but a common ratio is 4 parts sand to 1 part cement. This is often expressed as a “4:1 mix.” However, for some applications, you might use different ratios.

Mortar used act as binding material in various construction work like bricklaying, block work, retaining wall formation, plastering and flooring, it is prepared from mixing of sand and cement in required proportion to achieve targeted compressive strength according to design structure.

Most important ingredients of mortar are using of Portland cement, lime and fine sand, in which cement and lime act as Binder or adhesive material and sand act as filler.

There are several mix ratio for mortar preparation would be used are 1:3 (1 parts cement to 3 parts sand), 1:4 (1 parts cement to 4 parts sand), 1:5 (1 parts cement to 5 parts sand), 1:6 (1 parts cement to 3 parts sand) and 1:8 (1 parts cement to 8 parts sand).

Measuring a sand and cement with wheelbarrow is not a standard measurement unit, because there are various size and carry capacity of wheelbarrow used in construction line, some of these are of 100 litres, 80 litres, 65 litres, 60 litres, 2 CF, 3 CF, 6 CF and 8 CF, contractor and builders can use 6 CF capacity of wheelbarrow.

Also also shovels is not a standard measurement unit, but roughly it would be taken as 5 to 6 shovels full can heaped up 1 cubic foot of sand, cement and gravel.

**How much sand do you mix with cement**

Generally weight of one cement bag is about 50kg which yields on average 1.25 cubic feet, 0.0347 cubic meter, or exactly equal as 1.44kg/ litre. And assume capacity of wheelbarrow is about to 2 CF used for measuring sand and cement. And rough estimate for shovels, 5 to 6 shovels full can heaped up 1 cubic foot of sand, cement and gravel.

In this article we know about, How much sand do you mix with cement | how many wheelbarrow of sand mix with per bag cement | how many shovels of sand mix with per bag cement.

For mix ratio 1:2 (1 part cement to 2 parts sand) of mortar, using one bag of cement (1.25 CF) you will have to mix 2.5 CF of sand, in wheelbarrow terms it means 1.25 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of sand and in shovels terms it means 12 to 15 shovels of sand.

For mix ratio 1:3 (1 part cement to 3 parts sand) of mortar, using one bag of cement (1.25 CF) you will have to mix 3.75 CF of sand, in wheelbarrow terms it means 1.875 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of sand and in shovels terms it means 18 to 22 shovels of sand.

For mix ratio 1:4 (1 part cement to 4 parts sand) of mortar, using one bag of cement (1.25 CF) you will have to mix 5 CF of sand, in wheelbarrow terms it means 2.5 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of sand and in shovels terms it means 25 to 30 shovels of sand.

For mix ratio 1:5 (1 part cement to 5 parts sand) of mortar, using one bag of cement (1.25 CF) you will have to mix 6.25 CF of sand, in wheelbarrow terms it means 3.125 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of sand and in shovels terms it means 31 to 37 shovels of sand.

For mix ratio 1:6 (1 part cement to 6 parts sand) of mortar, using one bag of cement (1.25 CF) you will have to mix 7.50 CF of sand, in wheelbarrow terms it means 3.75 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of sand and in shovels terms it means 37 to 45 shovels of sand.

For mix ratio 1:8 (1 part cement to 8 parts sand) of mortar, using one bag of cement (1.25 CF) you will have to mix 10 CF of sand, in wheelbarrow terms it means 5 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of sand and in shovels terms it means 50 to 60 shovels of sand.

Prepairing one cubic metre of wet mortar, you need 1.54 cubic metre of dry ingredient of cement and sand, it means weight volume of mortar is 54% less than dry ingredient before adding water.

Using mix ratio 1:2 (1 part cement to 2 parts sand) for 1m3 of mortar, you will need 14.5 bags of 50kg cement (total18.13 CF) and 36.26 CF of sand, in wheelbarrow terms approx 9 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of cement and 18 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of sand.

Using mix ratio 1:3 (1 part cement to 3 parts sand) for 1m3 of mortar, you will need 11 bags of 50kg cement ( total 13.60 CF) and 40.80 CF of sand, in wheelbarrow terms approx 7 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of cement and 21 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of sand.

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Using mix ratio 1:4 (1 part cement to 4 parts sand) for 1m3 of mortar, you will need 9 bags of 50kg cement ( total 10.90 CF) and 43.6 CF of sand, in wheelbarrow terms approx 5.5 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of cement and 22 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of sand.

Using mix ratio 1:5 (1 part cement to 5 parts sand) for 1m3 of mortar, you will need 7 bags of 50kg cement ( total 9 CF) and 45 CF of sand, in wheelbarrow terms approx 4.5 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of cement and 23 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of sand.

Using mix ratio 1:6 (1 part cement to 6 parts sand) for 1m3 of mortar, you will need 7 bags of 50kg cement ( total 7.8 CF) and 47 CF of sand, in wheelbarrow terms approx 4 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of cement and 24 wheelbarrow (2 CF) of sand.