The labor rate for shuttering (formwork) can vary widely depending on the location, complexity of the project, and other factors. The labor rates for shuttering in India ranged from around Rs 40 to Rs 50 per square foot or Rs 430 to Rs 540 per square meter. However, these rates can change over time.

Formwork is temporary structure made of timber, wood, plywood, steel, ms sheets etc. It is horizontal and vertical arrangement used as mould to pour concrete, made to keep concrete in position until it gains desired strength, design and shape. There are several types of formwork such as shuttering centring, staging and scaffolding, all are temporary a structure used on construction site for specific purpose.

Shuttering is part of formwork, it is a vertical temporary arrangement which is used to bring concrete in desired shape. Vertical formwork used for column, retaining wall, footing are known as shuttering while centring is horizontal arrangement of temporary formwork used to support horizontal members of a structure such as floor beam & slabs. Staging is a temporary structure which is used to support formwork either horizontal or vertical. It is done by using props, Jack, h frame, cup lock system and wooden bellies.

Scaffolding is temporary structure which is made around the building to provide a working platform for labours to work at height and it may be movable or fixed platform.

For common people all type of formwork is known as shuttering either it is vertical or horizontal arrangement, in some areas it is known as shuttering and other in as centering or staging. In this article we know about shuttering labour rate per square feet (sq ft) or per square meters (sq m) for normal residential structure with shuttering materials such as MS sheet, blanks, props, span, plywood, wood, timber, steel etc.

**Shuttering labour rate per sq ft (square feet) or per sqm (square meter)**

Shuttering rate may vary depending on various factors such as location whether it is urban or rural areas, types of formwork either it is made of timber, steel, plywood, aluminium fabric or plastic, labour skills, contractor profit and height of building or structure whether it is ground floor, 1st floor, 2nd floor, 3rd floor and above. Every increase in +10 feet height increase the 10% extra shuttering cost for lifting charges.

Centering work rate with ply and MS supports etc will be **55 rupees** per square foot (or 55/sq ft). However, the rate will be linked to the height of the structure. Labour rate for centering is about **12-15 rupees** per sq ft of shuttering area.

Mivan shuttering labour rate in mumbai: Mivan shuttering rate ranges from 8000 to 9000 rupees per square meter or 750 to 850 rupees per square foot without any taxes. Mivan shuttering is Aluminium formwork.

**Shuttering rate per sq ft**

In India, The typical Shuttering rate (cost) with labour charges for Reinforced concrete (RCC) structure (column, beam & slab) is range from **40-50 rupees per sq ft** (square foot). These cost includes labour cost for shuttering (**20-25 rupees per sq ft**) plus bar bending cost (**5 rupees/ sq ft**) plus labour cost to pour concrete (**15-20 rupees** per sq ft).

In india, the typical labour cost for shuttering of RCC beam, column & slab is range between Rs 20 to Rs 25 per sq ft.

In india, the typical labour cost for bar bending of RCC beam, column & slab is range between Rs. 4 to Rs. 5 per sq ft.

Labour cost for shuttering only is range between Rs 20 to Rs 25 per sq ft, with bar bending it will be Rs 25 to Rs 30 per sq ft and for shuttering + bar bending + labour cost to pour concrete it will be Rs 40 to Rs 50 per sq ft for normal residential work with shuttering materials such as ms sheet, blanks, props, span, plywood, wood, timber, steel etc upto 10 feet height. Every increase in +10 feet height increase the 10% extra shuttering cost for lifting charges.

**Shuttering rate per sqm**

In India, The typical Shuttering rate (cost) with labour charges for Reinforced concrete (RCC) structure (column, beam & slab) is range from **430-540 rupees per sqm** (square meter or m2). These cost includes labour cost for shuttering (**215-250 rupees per square meter**) plus bar bending cost (55** rupees/ square meter**) plus labour cost to pour concrete (**160-240 rupees** per sqm).

In India, labour cost for shuttering only is range between Rs 215 to Rs 250 per sqm (square meter), with bar bending it will be Rs 270 to Rs 300 per sqm and for shuttering + bar bending + labour cost to pour concrete it will be Rs 430 to Rs 540 per sqm for normal residential work with shuttering materials such as ms sheet, blanks, props, span, plywood, wood, timber, steel etc upto 3 meters height. Every increase in +3 meters height increase the 10% extra shuttering cost for lifting charges.

**Shuttering rate calculation/ shuttering cost calculation method**

All the structure such as roof slab, floor beam column, retaining wall needs framework of shuttering, for beam shuttering is done on 5 sides, its top face left to fill concrete, in roof slab shuttering is laid only on bottom area and for column shuttering is done on 4 sides, its top face left to fill concrete & bottom face fixed to the ground level.

**Shuttering rate/ cost calculation for column**

Calculate the shuttering rate for column in two easy steps: 1) first calculate the surface area of all four sides of column excluding bottom and top face, 2) then after multiply the surface area with Rs 20 to Rs 25 to get shuttering rate/ cost for column.

**Shuttering cost calculation methods for column**

● Measure the length, width and height of column, assuming a square column of 12″×12″ size of height 10 feet.

● Calculate peripheral length or perimeter of a square column such as perimeter = 4S, so peripheral length = 4×12″ = 48″ or 4 feet.

● Used the formula for shuttering area = peripheral length (perimeter) × height to get surface area for column which need to be formwork such as 4 feet × 10 feet = 40 sq ft

● Multiply the total shuttering area for column with Rs 40 to Rs 50 to get shuttering rate/ cost for column such as 40 × 40 = Rs 1,600 or 40 × 50 = 2000, hence 1600-2000 rupees is shuttering rate/ cost for one square column of 12″×12″ size of height 10 feet.

Therefore, typical cost of shuttering including labour charges for a 12″ x 12″ square column & A height of 10 feet is between **1600 and 2000 rupees**.

**Shuttering rate/ cost calculation for beam**

Calculate the shuttering rate for beam in two easy steps: 1) first calculate the surface area of all five sides of beam excluding top face if beam not rest on wall, 2) then after multiply the surface area with Rs 20 to Rs 25 to get shuttering rate/ cost for column.

**Shuttering cost calculation methods for beam**

● Measure the length, width and span of beam, assuming a square beam of 12″×12″ size of span 10 feet.

● Calculate surface area of 5 sides of square beam such as 3(10’×1′) + 2(1’×1′) = 32 sq ft, so total shuttering area of beam is 32 sq ft.

● Multiply the total shuttering area of beam with Rs 40 to Rs 50 to get shuttering rate/ cost for floor beam such as 32 × 40 = Rs 1280, or 32 × 50 = 1600, hence Rs 1280-1600 rupees is shuttering rate/ cost for one square floor beam of 12″×12″ size of span 10 feet.

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Therefore, typical cost of shuttering including labour charges for a 12″ x 12″ square beam & A height of 10 feet is between **1280 and 1600 rupees**.

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**Shuttering rate/ cost calculation for slab**

Calculate the shuttering rate for slab in two easy steps: 1) first calculate the surface area of slab by multiplying length and width, 2) then after multiply the surface area with Rs 20 to Rs 25 to get shuttering rate/ cost for slab.

**Shuttering cost calculation methods for slab**

● Measure the length and width of slab, assuming a slab of 30 feet in length by 20 feet wide

● Calculate surface area of slab by multiplying length into wide such as 30′ × 20′ = 600 sq ft, so total shuttering area of slab is 600 sq ft.

● Multiply the total shuttering area of slab with Rs 40 to Rs 50 to get shuttering rate/ cost for slab such as 600 × 40 = Rs 24000, or 600 × 50 = 30000, hence Rs 24000 to Rs 30000 is shuttering rate/ cost for a slab of 30′ × 20′ dimensions.

Therefore, typical cost of shuttering including labour charges for a 30″ x 20″ RCC slab is between 24000** and 30000 rupees**.

**Conclusions:-**

In india, the typical Labour rate for shuttering of slab, beam & column is range between 40 to 50 rupees per sq ft (square foot) or 430 to 540 rupees per square meter (sqm, or m^2).