# What is the standard size of Indian brick?

The nominal size of an Indian brick is 200 mm x 100 mm x 100 mm, the actual size is 190 mm x 90 mm x 90 mm, and the standard size is also 190 mm x 90 mm x 90 mm. The difference between nominal and actual size accounts for the mortar thickness used in bricklaying.

In this article we know about what is the standard size of Indian brick? | brick size | standard brick size | nominal brick size, various countries have various standard brick size and dimensions, however, brick can be made in multiple shapes and sizes, depending on its application Fan manufacturer.

If bricks are large, it is difficult to burn them properly and they become too heavy to be placed with a single hand, on the other hand, if bricks are small, more quantity of mortar is required, hence, a standard dimension is determined for various brick works.

## Brick size

Brick size may vary according to different standard, in India, standard size of brick is 8″ × 4″ × 4″ (200mm × 100mm × 100mm) including 10mm mortar thickness in respect to their length, width and depth.

The standard size of a brick is (length × width × thickness): 200 mm × 100 mm × 100 mm, measured in inches is 8″ × 4″ × 4″, measured in cm is 20 cm × 10 cm × 10 cm, or measured in meters is 0.2 m × 0.1 m × 0.1 m. This is the nominal size of a standard brick and its actual size is 190mm x 90mm x 90mm.

The commonly accepted standard brick size in cm is (length × width × thickness): about 20 cm × 10 cm × 10 cm. This is the nominal size of a standard brick in cm and its actual size is 19cm x 9cm x 9cm.

The commonly accepted standard brick size in mm is (length × width × thickness): about 200 mm × 100 mm × 100 mm. This is the nominal size of a standard brick in mm and its actual size is 190mm x 90mm x 90mm.

The commonly accepted standard brick size in meters is (length × width × thickness): about 0.20 m × 0.10 m × 0.10 m. This is the nominal size of a standard brick in meters and its actual size is 0.19m x 0.09mm x 0.09m.

The commonly accepted standard brick size in inches is (length × width × thickness): about 8″ × 4″ × 4″. This is the nominal size of a standard brick in inches and its actual size is 7 5/8″ x 3 5/8″ x 3 5/8″.

The commonly accepted standard brick size in feet is (length × width × thickness): about 0.66 ft × 0.33 ft × 0.33 ft. This is the nominal size of a standard brick in feet and its actual size is 0.62 ft x 0.30 ft x 0.30 ft.

Standard size of brick:- The best, ideal, perfect, uniform, commonly used, based on different standard size of brick are following:-

Standard size of brick

● 230mm × 110mm × 76mm – Australian standard

● 203mm × 92mm × 57mm – ASTM standard

● 215mm × 102.5mm × 65mm – British standard

● 200mm × 92mm × 76mm – CSA standard

● 230mm × 70mm × 76mm – NZ standard

● 190mm × 90mm × 90mm – Indian standard

● 222mm × 106mm × 73mm – SA standard

● 315mm × 165mm × 148mm – Nigerian standard

● 230mm × 115mm × 75mm – Pakistan standard

● 240mm × 115mm × 57mm – Nepal standard

● 250mm × 130mm × 75mm – Bangladesh standard

● 218mm × 100mm × 68mm – Singapore standard

● 215mm × 102.5mm × 65mm – Philippines standard

● 215mm × 96mm × 70mm – Malaysia standard

● 215mm × 102.5mm × 65mm – UK standard

### Standard size of brick in Australia

In Australia, the standard size of bricks based on Australian Standard AS 4455 is (length × width × thickness): 230mm × 110mm × 76mm. This is the nominal size of the standard brick used to build houses in Australia. Other brick sizes of 290 mm × 90 mm × 90 mm and 290 mm × 90 mm × 50 mm are also used.

### Standard size of brick in United states

In US, the standard size of bricks based on ASTM Standard is (length × width × thickness): 194mm × 92mm × 57mm. This is the nominal size of the standard modular brick used to build houses in United states. Other brick sizes of 203 mm × 92 mm × 57 mm is also used.

### Standard size of brick in United kingdom

In UK, the standard size of modern bricks based on British Standard is (length × width × thickness): 215mm × 102.5mm × 65mm. This is the nominal size of the standard brick used to build houses in United Kingdom.

### Standard size of brick in Canada

In Canada, based on CSA standard, the standard size of modern brick is 8″ × 3 5/8″ × 2 1/4″ (length × width × thickness). This is best, ideal, perfect, uniform, commonly used and nominal size of brick used in Canada for house construction.

In Canada, the standard size of modern bricks based on CSA Standard is (length × width × thickness): 8″ × 3 5/8″ × 2 1/4″. This is the actual size of the standard brick used to build houses in Canada.

### Standard size of brick in New Zealand

In NZ, based on NZ standard, the standard size of brick is 230mm long × 70mm width × 76mm height. This is best, ideal, perfect, uniform, commonly used and nominal size of brick used in NZ for house construction. But other sizes were also manufactured locally are 230mm long × 70mm width × 119mm height, 290mm long × 70mm width × 76mm height, 230mm long × 70mm width × 162mm height and 290mm long × 70mm width × 162mm height.

### Actual size of brick/ nominal size of brick

Actual size (or the specified size) of brick is the real dimension of the brick without mortar thickness such as actual size of modular brick is 190mm× 90mm× 90mm.

Nominal size is the actual size plus the width of the mortar joint, taking mortar thickness 10mm, so nominal size of modular brick is 190mm× 90mm× 90mm (8″×4″×4″). Most bricks are manufactured in such a way that the nominal sizes fit into a grid of 4 inch, which comply with the modules of other building materials such as doors, windows, and wood components.

### Standard & Nominal Brick size in India

There are two size of brick used in india standard brick and nominal brick size. The standard brick size is 190 mm x 90 mm x 90 mm as per the recommendation of BIS. With mortar thickness, the dimension of the brick becomes 200 mm x 100 mm x 100 mm which is also known as the nominal size of the modular brick.

Modular brick means brick along with cement mortar joints, standard modular brick size is 200mm ×100mm ×100mm, volume of one standard modular brick is 0.2m×0.1m×0.1m =0.002m3, so volume of one standard modular brick is 0.002m3.

#### Conventional/ traditional size of brick

Conventional/ traditional size of brick:- conventional size of brick specification (Length × breadth × height), the length varies from 20 to 25 cm, width varies from 10 to 13 cm and thickness varies from 5 cm to 7.5 cm. The commonly adopted nominal size of traditional/ conventional brick is 23 cm x 11.4 cm x 7.6 cm (9”x4 ½ “x3”) approximately.

##### Conventional/ traditional size of brick in inches

Conventional/ traditional size of brick in inches:- conventional size of brick specification (Length × breadth × height), the length varies from 8″ to 10″ , width varies from 4″ to 5″ and thickness varies from 2″ to 3″. The commonly adopted nominal size conventional/ traditional brick is 9”x4 ½ “x3” approximately.

##### Conventional/ traditional size of brick in mm

Conventional/ traditional size of brick in mm:- conventional size of brick specification (Length × breadth × height), the length varies from 200 to 250 mm, width varies from 100 to 130 mm and thickness varies from 50 mm to 75 mm. The commonly adopted nominal size of traditional/ conventional brick is 230 mm x 114 mm x 76 mm (9”x4 ½ “x3”) approximately.

Standard size of brick used in India are two types:- 1) modular brick and 2) non modular brick. The standard modular size of common building brick specification (length × breadth × height) used in india shall be 190mm × 90mm × 90mm and 190mm × 90mm × 40mm and non – modular size of bricks like 230mm × 110mm × 70mm & 230mm × 110mm × 30mm may also be used.

#### Indian Standard brick size

Indian standard brick size:- Standard size of brick used in India are two types:- 1) modular brick and 2) non modular brick. Indian standard modular size of common building brick specification (length × breadth × height) used shall be 190mm × 90mm × 90mm and 190mm × 90mm × 40mm and non – modular size of bricks like 230mm × 110mm × 70mm & 230mm × 110mm × 30mm may also be used.

Brick Shall be hand moulded or machine molded and shall be made from suitable soil this will be free from cracks, flaws dust and nodules of free lime.

Standard size of brick are hand moulded or machine moulded should have length 190mm, breadth 90mm and depth 90 mm or 70mm provided with a frog dimension 10 to 20mm deep on one of its flat side. Bricks of 40mm height as well as those made by extrusion process may not be provided with frog.

##### Standard size of brick in cm

Standard size of brick in cm are following:- 1) modular brick size (l × b × h) – 19cm × 9cm × 9cm and 19cm × 9cm × 4cm and 2) non – modular size of bricks like 23cm × 11cm × 7cm & 23cm × 11cm × 3cm may also be used. 9cm & 7cm height of brick is provided with a frog dimension 1 to 2cm deep on one of its flat side, bricks of 4cm & 3cm height as well as those made by extrusion process may not be provided with frog.

##### Standard size of brick in mm

Standard size of brick in mm are following:- 1) modular brick size (l × b × h) – 190mm × 90mm × 90mm and 190mm × 90mm × 40mm and 2) non – modular size of bricks like 230mm × 110mm × 70mm & 230mm × 110mm × 30mm may also be used. 90mm & 70mm height of brick is provided with a frog dimension 10 to 20mm deep on one of its flat side,bricks of 40mm & 30mm height as well as those made by extrusion process may not be provided with frog.

##### Standard size of brick in inches

Standard size of brick in inches are following:- 1) modular brick size (l × b × h) – 7.5″ × 3.5″ × 3.5″ and 7.5″ × 3.5″ × 1.5″ and 2) non – modular size of bricks like 9″ × 4.3″ × 2.75″ & 9″ × 4.3″ × 1.18″ may also be used. 3.5″ & 2.75″ height of brick is provided with a frog dimension 0.4″ to 0.8″ deep on one of its flat side,bricks of 1.5″ & 1.18″ height as well as those made by extrusion process may not be provided with frog.

##### Standard size of modular brick

Standard size of modular brick are following :- 1) 190mm × 90mm × 90mm (l×b ×h) – 90mm height brick provided with 10mm to 20mm deep frog on one of its flat side.
2) 190mm × 90mm × 40mm (l × b × h)- 40mm brick height may not be provided with frog.

Nominal size of brick

Nominal size of brick– when we add thickness of brick joint or cement mortar thickness in actual size of brick that is nominal size of brick, such that nominal size of brick = Actual size of brick + thickness of cement mortar, actual size of modular brick is 190mm × 90mm × 90mm,when we add 10mm thickness in which dimension we get nominal size of brick in mm as 200mm × 100mm × 100mm, in cm as 20cm × 10cm × 10cm and in inches as 9″ × 4″ × 4″.

The common burnt clay bricks shall be classified on the basis of average compressive strength into different class designation like 35, 30, 25, 20, 17.5, 15, 12.5, 10, 7.5, 5 & 3.5 having compressive strength are 35 N/mm2, 30 N/mm2, 25 N/mm2, 20 N/mm2, 17.5 N/mm2, 15 N/mm2, 12.5 N/mm2, 10 N/mm2, 7.5 N/mm2, 5 N/mm2 and 3.5 N/mm2 respectively.

#### Standard brick size and weight

Standard brick size and weight: According to Indian practice the weight of standard size of brick is kept between 3- 3.5 kg, depending upon the class of brick, so that a mason can lift it by one hand and work full day. The width should be 4 to 5″ so that a mason can hold it using his fingers and thumb.

### What is called frog in brick size?

An indent on one surface of longer side of brick is called Frog, the depth of Frog shall be 10–20 mm, and the size of shall be 10 X 40 X 10 cm. The purpose of providing frog is to hold the mortar. The side of frog is considered as Top surface. It is not provided in the 40 cm high bricks and extruded bricks.

But practically to match with the beam width a brick or block of width 230 mm is used widely in construction industry. The 115 mm is considered for half brick. The size 230 mm X 110 mm X 110 mm or 230 mm X 110 mm X 75 mm is generally used in construction industry.

### Popular size of brick used in india

Modular/ Metric Brick: nominal size 20 x 10 x 10 cm. This size is common in MP and only some other places where machine made bricks are available.

English size: 23 x 11.5 x 7.5 cm or 9″ x 4.5″ x 3″ nominal size. This is the most popular size available in most parts of India.

Bengal size: 25 x 12.5 x 7.5 cm size or 10″ x 5″ x 3″. This size is popular in in West Bengal and some parts adjoining West Bengal and North East. A few other sizes are also used in some localized areas.

Basically the size of a brick is governed by its weight, which should not be more than 3 Kg, so that a mason can lift it by one hand and work full day. The width should be 4 to 5″ so that a mason can hold it using his fingers and thumb.

The ratios of length: breadth: thickness are so chosen that the bricks when laid in masonry make a pattern (or Bond) so that vertical joints do not come one above the other in alternate courses.

### Brick size according to different standard

Brick size:- The best, ideal, perfect, uniform, commonly used, nominal, modular, based on different standard, brick size are following:-

BRICK SIZE:-

● 230mm × 110mm × 76mm – Australian standard

● 203mm × 92mm × 57mm – ASTM standard

● 215mm × 102.5mm × 65mm – British standard

● 200mm × 92mm × 76mm – CSA standard

● 230mm × 70mm × 76mm – NZ standard

● 190mm × 90mm × 90mm – Indian standard

● 222mm × 106mm × 73mm – SA standard

● 315mm × 165mm × 148mm – Nigerian standard

● 230mm × 115mm × 75mm – Pakistan standard

● 240mm × 115mm × 57mm – Nepal standard

● 250mm × 130mm × 75mm – Bangladesh standard

● 218mm × 100mm × 68mm – Singapore standard

● 215mm × 102.5mm × 65mm – Philippines standard

● 215mm × 96mm × 70mm – Malaysia standard

● 215mm × 102.5mm × 65mm – UK standard

#### Brick size in mm

Brick size in mm:- The commonly adopted nominal/ traditional/ conventional/ modular brick, in general, a normal brick size is 200 mm x 100 mm x 100 mm (length × width × depth) approximately.

#### Brick size in cm

Brick size in cm:- The commonly adopted nominal/ traditional/ conventional/ modular brick, in general, a normal brick size is 20 cm x 10 cm x 10 cm (length × width × depth) approximately.

#### Brick size in meter

Brick size in meter:- The commonly adopted nominal/ traditional/ conventional/ modular brick, in general, a normal brick size is 0.2 m x 0.1 m x 0.1m (length × width × depth) approximately.

#### Brick size in inch

Brick size in inch:- The commonly adopted nominal/ traditional/ conventional/ modular brick, in general, a normal brick size is 8″ x 4″ x 4″ (length × width × depth) approximately.

#### Brick size in feet

Brick size in feet:- The commonly adopted nominal/ traditional/ conventional/ modular brick, in general, a normal brick size is 0.66′ x 0.33′ x 0.33′ (length × width × depth) approximately.