Building sand, also known as masonry sand or plaster sand, is a type of sand specifically designed for use in construction and masonry projects. It typically possesses the following properties:
1. Particle Size: Building sand has a well-graded particle size distribution, with grains ranging from fine to medium in size. This gradation allows it to be easily mixed with cement and water to create mortar or concrete.
2. Cleanliness: It should be free from contaminants such as clay, silt, and organic matter, as these impurities can affect the strength and workability of the final mix.
3. Angular Grains: The sand grains should be angular and not too rounded. Angular grains provide better interlocking and cohesion when mixed with cement, leading to a stronger bond.
4. Workability: Building sand should be workable and easy to mix, ensuring that it can be properly incorporated into mortar or concrete mixtures.
5. Strength: The sand should be able to contribute to the overall strength of the mortar or concrete when mixed with cement.
6. Color: Building sand typically has a neutral color, often light gray or beige, which is suitable for a wide range of construction applications.
Sand is the one of most important building material used in construction. It is often mixed with cement and water to make mortar that used for multi functional work such as brick laying, block laying, rendering, plastering, pointing, etc and when it mix with cement, aggregate and water to make concrete mortar that are used for concreting work for casting of different RCC and PCC structure.
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Sand have several types based on construction application such as building sand (builder’s sand), sharp sand (concrete sand, plaster sand, beach sand, washed sand and etc, there is a confusion between various different types and have different name according to area location and your country and it can also be confusion for professionals, but in this topic explain about mainly building sand (builder’s sand), sharp sand (concrete sand), plaster sand, beach sand, washed sand which are mostly used in construction.
Building sand is type of sand which is soft, free from impurities, smooth, rounded, fine grade with suitable particles, widely used in construction that have multifunctional properties and primarily used for brick/ block laying, pointing, rendering, plastering, mortar preparation, screeding and for others application such as precasting of blocks and concrete paving, generally available in yellow and red colour and it resulting greater smoother overall finished surface.
What is building sand?
Building sand is defined as those sand which are free from impurities, soft, smooth, rounded, fine grade with suitable particles, widely used in construction that have multifunctional properties and primarily used for brick/ block, plastering and for general purpose is called building sand.
Building sand is also known as builder’s sand plaster sand, mason sand or bricklayer sand which are most suitable for bricklaying plastering and general building uses.
Where does building sand come from?
Building sand is come from river, ocean and beaches, collected along the river basin bottom of river beds as river sand, along the shorline as beach sand, bank of ocean and floor as marine sand, lying across lake and in the flood plain area. Sand uses for making concrete and masonry work.
The building sand collected from river, beach, ocean are ideal for construction work and it is highly demanded for masonry work. There is a plenty full of sand present in desert areas but this sand is not ideal for construction.
How building sand is made?
Building sand is a granular material composed of finely divided fragments of sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rock with mineral particles. Particle size of sand ranging from 0.05mm to 2mm, their grain particles are smaller than gravel and coarser than silt.
Building sand is made by decomposed rocks or rocks eroded or weather over a long period of time mainly by water, wind, alkaline and acidic effect. Their eroded parts or sediment transported along the downstream, it sediments even broken into a smaller pieces and till they become a fine grain of rounded that make building sand.
Marine sand comes from sediments or particles of grains transported into the ocean and the erosion of ocean rocks, in United Kingdom and other European countries is the main miners of marine sand.
Why building sand is ideal for construction?
Using the right type of sand for particular job enhence the strength of structure, building sand resulting greater overall finishing is ideal for construction because it bond correctely to brick/ block and prevent from the structure your building collapsing, and due to free from impurities, soft, smooth, rounded, fine grade with suitable particles it provides greater finished.
So you should selecting right type of sand for different kind of construction work, If you are using very fine sand that does not bond correctly to brick/ block and could lead to the structure failure, it is ideal for playing sand, children sand pits, jointly paving, patio and slab, recreational area, Golf bunkers and etc.
And also you should not choose sharp or angular sand made of large particles for your plastering and brick/ block work because it does not provide greater overall finished, besides this angular or sharp sand is ideal for concreting and masonry work because it binds extremely well to form the tough and solid surfaces not smooth, generally it is mined from inland areas away from coastal region.
Building sand colour/ yellow/ red
Building sand that is made from Rock have been generally seen in yellow, red and Orange colour, it is a red due to presence of high amount of iron oxide in it and it is also in white colour obtained from beach or ocean floors.
Yellow sand is type of building sand is used for the purpose of bricklaying or block laying. Often, it is mixed with water and cement to prepare mortar used for laying bricks, rendering, pointing and it is also widely used by builders and Landscapers, other uses involve the rendering of walls, bedding under pool liners, or mixed with cement for a gold colour finish.
Building sand bulk bag
In United Kingdom and other European countries building sand packed in large size plastic bag popularly known as Jumbo, or bulk or tonne bag for marketing, sale and purchase by different company and brand. Europe is larger consumer of marine sand it is collected along the coastal region from the beaches and the ocean floor bed.
Weight of a bulk bag of sand generally depend on their wet and dry condition, generally a bulk bag of building sand weighs around 800kg or 1 loose tonne that yields about 0.5 cubic metre volume and it will cover around 10 sq metres area upto standard depth of 50mm for your backfills.
Building sand 25kg/ 20kg/ 30kg & 40kg bag
Building sand is packed in a small plastic bag of weight around 25kg, 20kg, 30kg and 40 kg, sold by different companies and brand name in United kingdom as Wickes, Screwfix, b&q, Travis perkins, Jewson, JT Alkinson, and etc. All have been supplier of good quality building sand and also some other companies are online supplier.
A bag of 20kg sand yields about 0.0125 cubic meter volume and it will requir 80bags of 20kg sand for one cubic meter, 50bags for one metric ton and 40 bags for one bulk bag of sand.
A bag of 25kg sand yields about 0.0156 cubic meter volume and it will requir 64bags of 25kg sand for one cubic meter, 40bags for one metric ton and 32 bags for one bulk bag of sand.
A bag of 30kg sand yields about 0.0188 cubic meter volume and it will requir 54bags of 30kg sand for one cubic meter, 34bags for one metric ton and 27 bags for one bulk bag of sand.
A bag of 40kg sand yields about 0.025 cubic meter volume and it will requir 40bags of 40kg sand for one cubic meter, 25bags for one metric ton and 20 bags for one bulk bag of sand.
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Building sand near me
Peoples are searching for building sand near me according to their location, city, states and country which are nearer for you, Europe is larger consumer of marine sand that collecting from coastal areas, beaches and ocean basin, if you are resident of United Kingdom, London, Birmingham, Belfast, dublin, country like England, wales, Ireland Scotland and northern Ireland, you are looking to buying building yellow sand for your projects, there are several companies, supplier and brand such as Wickes, Screwfix, b&q, Travis perkins, Jewson, JT Alkinson, and etc which supply building sand of 25kg or bulk bag of sand to your destination, look and select according to your location.
Building sand delivery
Most of sand supplier which are available nearly to you, will give you option to deliver building sand and others construction materials at your homes, for this they should cost some money for transportation. If you have a truck or vehicle that you can use to bring sand to your destination or construction site, then it is cheaper and faster option for you.
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You should contact to building sand supplier through online, websites, blogs or on their shops , wholesales, contact to manager, purchase it, load it on vehicle and building sand delivered at your destination.
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How much building sand do you need to lay 1000 bricks?
This is too much mathematical calculation, but according to Thumb Rule for general purpose, generally you will need 0.6m3 (1 ton) of sand and 6 to 8 bags of 25kg cement per 1000 bricks by standard mix of 1 bag of 25kg cement to 3 full size wheelbarrow of 65 litres capacity. This is ideal mix for brickwork or brick laying.
How much building sand do you need for 100m2 plastering?
This is too much mathematical calculation, but according to Thumb Rule for general purpose, generally you will need 2m3 (3.2 tons) of plaster sand and 10 bags of 25kg cement for 100m2 (15mm thick) plastering by standard mix of 1 bag of 25kg cement to 3 full size wheelbarrow of 65 litres capacity. This is ideal mix for plastering brick/ block wall.