How much cement, sand & aggregate required for M25,M20,M15,M10 & M7.5 concrete, hi guys in this article we know about how much cement, sand & aggregate required per cubic metre of different grade of concrete like M25,M20,M15,M10,M7.5 & M5 concrete and also know about how much cement required for 1m3 of M20 concrete & water cement ratio for different grade of concrete.

**Different grade of concrete like M25,M20,M15,M10,M7.5 & M5** are nominal mix grade of concrete in which M represent mix and numerical figure 25, 20, 15,10,7.5 & 5 are characteristics of compressive strength of concrete gain strength time period of 28 days after curing.

● **Table 1 :-** different grade of concrete and their compressive strength in N/mm2.

● **Understanding grade of concrete**:- Grades of concrete are defined by its strength and composition of the concreting material cement sand and aggregate and the minimum strength the concrete should have following 28 days of initial construction. The grade of concrete is understood in measurements of N/mm2 or MPa, where M stands for mix and the MPa denotes the overall characteristics of compressive strength.

● **concrete grade types** :- there are three types of concrete grade 1) normal grade of concrete, 2) standard grade of concrete& 3) high strength concrete grade. Normal grade of concrete are based on nominal mix ratio of cement, sand and aggregate have comparatively lower compressive strength than standard grade of concrete.

**Normal grade of concrete** are M25,M20,M15,M10,M7.5 & M5 generally based on nominal mix proportion of cement sand and aggregate.

**Standard grade of concrete** are M25,M30,M35,M40,& M45 are made according to design mix have higher compressive strength than normal grade of concrete.

**High strength concrete grade** are M50,M55,M60,M65, & M70 are made according to design mix have higher compressive strength than normal and standard grade of concrete.

According to nominal mix concrete IS456 code book suggest that minimum grade of concrete is M20 which are used for RCC work and M5,M7.5, M10 and M15 are not used for RCC work, generally lower grade of concrete are used in mass concreting, formation of heavy wall, ground filling, retaining wall formation and all PCC work.

standard grade of concrete and high strength concrete are used to construction of high rise building, industrial building, commercial building, residential building, apartment, Bridge, dams and heavy structure.

● **Table 2 :**– different grade of concrete and its types

● **cement sand and aggregate mix ratio in concrete :-** there are two types of mix ratio in in different grade of concrete 1) nominal mix & 2) design mix.

**Nominal mix concrete IS456 code book** suggest lower and normal grade of concrete like M25,M20,M15,M10,M7.5 & M5 have fix cement sand and aggregate ratio.

**Design mix concrete IAS 456 code book** suggest that standard and high strength concrete grade are made according to different types of considering factor like load bearing structure, earthquake resistance, bending moment of column, Environmental factors and quality of cement sand and aggregate.

● **Table 3:-** grade of concrete types, it’s mix ratio types and mix ratio of concrete.

**How much cement, sand and aggregate are required for 1m3 of m25 concrete**

**M25 concrete ratio**:- M stand for mix and numerical figure 25 is compressive strength of concrete is 25N/mm2 for curing time of 28 days and M25 concrete ratio is 1 : 1 : 2, mixture of cement, sand and aggregate in which one part is cement, 1 part is sand and 2 part is aggregate or stone mix with water.

Calculating quantity of cement, sand and aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of m25 concrete we have given following:-

Wet volume of concrete = 1m3

mix ratio for m25 concrete = 1:1:2

We have to do following calculating steps:-

● **Step 1 :-** we have wet volume of concrete is equal to 1 cubic metre (1m3), but when we calculate actual quantity of dry ingredient cement, sand and aggregate of concrete we have to calculate dry volume of concrete.

For converting wet volume to dry volume of concrete we will multiply 1.54 in wet volume of concrete, now question is why we multiply 1.54 in wet volume of concrete. When mixture of cement, sand and aggregate mix with water, the number of air voids present in dry ingredient are evaporated in wet condition when mix with water so their volume is decreased by 54% in wet condition, so dry volume of concrete is increase by 54% of wet volume.

Dry volume of concrete is equal to 1× 1.54 = 1.54 m3 ( cubic meter)

● **step 2 :**– m25 nominal mix ratio is 1:1:2,in which one part is cement, one part is sand & two part is aggregate, then total mix proportion is equal to 1+1+2 = 4, and part of cement is equal to 1/4, part of sand is equal to 1/ & part of aggregate is equal to 2/4

**How much cement required for M25 concrete**

● **step 3:-** We have dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 m3, part of cement in mix = 1/4 and density of cement = 1440 Kg/m3

**How much cement required for M25 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 4:-** calculate cement required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in cubic metre is equal to = 1/4 × 1.54 m3 = 0.385 m3

**Ans. :-** 0.385 m3 ( cubic meter) cement required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete.

**How much cement required for M25 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 5:-** calculate cement required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in Kgs ( kilogram) is equal to = 1/4 × 1.54 m3 × 1440 Kg/m3 = 554 Kgs

**Ans. :-** 554 Kgs quantity of cement required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete

**How many cement bags required for M25 concrete**

● **step 6:**– we know that 1 bag cement weight = 50 kgs,calculate cement bags required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete is equal to = 1/4 × 1.54 m3 × 1440 Kg/m3/50 = 11.08 = 11 bags cement

**Ans. :-** 11 bags of cement required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete.

Now question is how much cement required for 1m3 of M25 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans. :-** 11 bags (0.385 m3, 554 kgs) cement are required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete.

**How much sand required for M25 concrete**

We have given dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 cubic metre and part of sand in concrete mix is equal to 1/4, density of sand is equal to 1620 Kg/m3 and one cubic metre is equal to 35.3147 cu ft

**How much sand required for M25 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 7 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in cubic metre is equal to 1/4 × 1.54 = 0.385 m3

**Ans.** :- 0.385 m3 quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete

**How much sand required for M25 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 8 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in kgs ( kilogram) is equal to 1/4 × 1.54m3 × 1620 Kg/m3 = 624 Kgs

**Ans.** :- 624 Kgs quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete

**How much sand required for M25 concrete in cft**

● **step 9 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in cft (cubic feet) is equal to 1/4 × 1.54m3/35.3147 × 1620 Kg/m3 = 18 cft

**Ans. :-** 18 cft quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete.

Now question is how much sand required for 1m3 of M25 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans. :-** 18 cft (0.385 m3, 6244 kgs) sand are required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete.

**How much aggregate required for M25 concrete**

We have given dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 cubic metre and part of aggregate in concrete mix is equal to 2/4, density of aggregate is equal to 1550 Kg/m3 and one cubic metre is equal to 35.3147 cu ft

**How much aggregate required for M25 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 10 :-** calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in cubic metre is equal to 2/4 × 1.54 = 0.77 m3

**Ans. :-** 0.77 m3 quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete

**How much aggregate required for M25 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 11 :-** calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in kgs ( kilogram) is equal to 2/4 × 1.54m3 × 1550 Kg/m3 = 1194 Kgs

**Ans. :-** 1194 Kgs quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete

**How much aggregate required for M25 concrete in cft**

● **step 12 :-** calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete in cft (cubic feet) is equal to 2/4 × 1.54m3/35.3147 × 1550 Kg/m3 = 36 cft

**Ans. :-** 36 cft quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete.

Now question is how much aggregate required for 1m3 of M25 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans. :-** 36 cft (0.77 m3, 1194 kgs) aggregate are required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete.

Now question is how much cement sand and aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of m25 concrete? Their ans will be following

● **Ans**. 11 bags (0.385 m3, 554 kgs) cement, 18 cft (0.385 m3, 6244 kgs) sand & 36 cft (0.77 m3, 1194 kgs) aggregate are required for 1 cubic metre of M25 concrete.

● **Table 4 :-** cement quantity in bags and kg and aggregate and sand quantity in cubic metre,cubic feet and kg

**How much cement, sand and aggregate are required for 1m3 of m20 concrete**

M20 concrete ratio:- M stand for mix and numerical figure 20 is compressive strength of concrete is 20N/mm2 for curing time of 28 days and M20 concrete ratio is 1 : 1.5 : 3, mixture of cement, sand and aggregate in which one part is cement, 1.5 part is sand and 3 part is aggregate or stone mix with water.

Calculating quantity of cement, sand and aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of m20 concrete we have given following:-

Wet volume of concrete = 1m3

mix ratio for m20 concrete = 1:1.5:3

We have to do following calculating steps:-

● **Step 1 :-** we have wet volume of concrete is equal to 1 cubic metre (1m3), but when we calculate actual quantity of dry ingredient cement, sand and aggregate of concrete.

Dry volume of concrete is equal to 1× 1.54 = 1.54 m3 ( cubic meter)

● **step 2 :-** m20 nominal mix ratio is 1:1.5:3,in which one part is cement, 1.5 part is sand & 3 part is aggregate, then total mix proportion is equal to 1+1.5+3 = 5.5, and part of cement is equal to 1/5.5, part of sand is equal to 1.5/5.5 & part of aggregate is equal to 3/5.5

**How much cement required for M20 concrete**

● **step 3:-** We have dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 m3, part of cement in mix = 1/5.5 and density of cement = 1440 Kg/m3

**How much cement required for M20 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 4:-** calculate cement required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete in cubic metre is equal to = 1/5.5 × 1.54 m3 = 0.28 m3

**Ans. :-** 0.28 m3 ( cubic meter) cement required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete.

**How much cement required for M20 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 5:-** calculate cement required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete in Kgs ( kilogram) is equal to = 1/5.5 × 1.54 m3 × 1440 Kg/m3 = 403 Kgs

**Ans. :-** 403 Kgs quantity of cement required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete

**How many cement bags required for M20 concrete**

● **step 6:-** we know that 1 bag cement weight = 50 kgs,calculate cement bags required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete is equal to = 1/5.5 × 1.54 m3 × 1440 Kg/m3/50 = 8.064 = 8 bags cement

**Ans. :-** 8 bags of cement required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete.

Now question is how much cement required for 1m3 of M20 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans. :-** 8 bags (0.28 m3, 403 kgs) cement are required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete.

**How much sand required for M20 concrete**

We have given dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 cubic metre and part of sand in concrete mix is equal to 1.5/5.5, density of sand is equal to 1620 Kg/m3 and one cubic metre is equal to 35.3147 cu ft

**How much sand required for M20 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 7 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete in cubic metre is equal to 1.5/5 × 1.54 = 0.42 m3

**Ans. :-** 0.42 m3 quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete

**How much sand required for M20 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 8 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete in kgs ( kilogram) is equal to 1.5/5.5 × 1.54m3 × 1620 Kg/m3 = 680Kgs

**Ans. :-** 680 Kgs quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete

**How much sand required for M20 concrete in cft**

● **step 9 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete in cft (cubic feet) is equal to 1.5/5.5 × 1.54m3/35.3147 × 1620 Kg/m3 = 19 cft

**Ans. :-** 19 cft quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete.

Now question is how much sand required for 1m3 of M20 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans. :-** 19 cft (0.42 m3, 680 kgs) sand are required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete.

**How much aggregate required for M20 concrete**

We have given dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 cubic metre and part of aggregate in concrete mix is equal to 3/5.5, density of aggregate is equal to 1550 Kg/m3 and one cubic metre is equal to 35.3147 cu ft

**How much aggregate required for M20 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 10 :-** calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete in cubic metre is equal to 3/5.5 × 1.54 = 0.84 m3

**Ans.** :- 0.84 m3 quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete

**How much aggregate required for M20 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 11 :-** calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete in kgs ( kilogram) is equal to 3/5.5 × 1.54m3 × 1550 Kg/m3 = 1302 Kgs

**Ans. :-** 1302 Kgs quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete

**How much aggregate required for M20 concrete in cft**

● **step 12 :-** calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete in cft (cubic feet) is equal to 1.5/5.5 × 1.54m3/35.3147 × 1550 Kg/m3 = 37 cft

**Ans. :-** 37 cft quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete.

Now question is how much aggregate required for 1m3 of M20 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans. :-** 37 cft (0.84 m3, 1302 kgs) aggregate are required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete.

Now question is how much cement sand and aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of m20 concrete? Their ans will be following

● **Ans**. 8 bags (0.28 m3, 403 kgs) cement, 19 cft (0.42 m3, 680 kgs) sand & 37 cft (0.84 m3, 1302 kgs) aggregate are required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete.

● **Table 5 :**– cement quantity in bags and kg and aggregate and sand quantity in cubic metre,cubic feet and kg of m20 concrete

**How much cement, sand and aggregate are required for 1m3 of m15 concrete**

M15 concrete ratio:- M stand for mix and numerical figure 15 is compressive strength of concrete is 15N/mm2 for curing time of 28 days and M15 concrete ratio is 1 : 2 : 4, mixture of cement, sand and aggregate in which one part is cement, 2 part is sand and 4 part is aggregate or stone mix with water.

Calculating quantity of cement, sand and aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of m15 concrete we have given following:-

Wet volume of concrete = 1m3

mix ratio for m15 concrete = 1:2:4

We have to do following calculating steps:-

● **Step 1 :-** we have wet volume of concrete is equal to 1 cubic metre (1m3), but when we calculate actual quantity of dry ingredient cement, sand and aggregate of concrete.

Dry volume of concrete is equal to 1× 1.54 = 1.54 m3 ( cubic meter)

● **step 2 :-** m15 nominal mix ratio is 1:2.4,in which one part is cement, 2 part is sand & 4 part is aggregate, then total mix proportion is equal to 1+2+4 = 7, and part of cement is equal to 1/7, part of sand is equal to 2/7 & part of aggregate is equal to 4/7

**How much cement required for M15 concrete**

● **step 3:-** We have dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 m3, part of cement in mix = 1/7 and density of cement = 1440 Kg/m3

**How much cement required for M15 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 4:-** calculate cement required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete in cubic metre is equal to = 1/7 × 1.54 m3 = 0.22 m3

**Ans. :-** 0.22 m3 ( cubic meter) cement required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete.

**How much cement required for M15 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 5:-** calculate cement required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete in Kgs ( kilogram) is equal to = 1/7 × 1.54 m3 × 1440 Kg/m3 = 317 Kgs

**Ans. :-** 317 Kgs quantity of cement required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete

**How many cement bags required for M15 concrete**

● **step 6:-** we know that 1 bag cement weight = 50 kgs,calculate cement bags required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete is equal to = 1/7 × 1.54 m3 × 1440 Kg/m3/50 = 6.34 = 6.34 bags cement

**Ans. :-** 6.34 bags of cement required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete.

Now question is how much cement required for 1m3 of M15 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans. :-** 6.34 bags (0.22 m3, 317 kgs) cement are required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete.

**How much sand required for M15 concrete**

We have given dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 cubic metre and part of sand in concrete mix is equal to 2/7, density of sand is equal to 1620 Kg/m3 and one cubic metre is equal to 35.3147 cu ft

**How much sand required for M15 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 7 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete in cubic metre is equal to 2/7 × 1.54 = 0.44 m3

**Ans. :-** 0.42 m3 quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete

**How much sand required for M15 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 8 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete in kgs ( kilogram) is equal to 2/7 × 1.54m3 × 1620 Kg/m3 =713Kgs

**Ans. :-** 713 Kgs quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete

**How much sand required for M15 concrete in cft**

● **step 9 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete in cft (cubic feet) is equal to 2/7 × 1.54m3/35.3147 × 1620 Kg/m3 = 20 cft

**Ans. :-** 20 cft quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete.

Now question is how much sand required for 1m3 of M15 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans. :-** 20 cft (0.44 m3, 713 kgs) sand are required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete.

**How much aggregate required for M15 concrete**

We have given dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 cubic metre and part of aggregate in concrete mix is equal to 4/7, density of aggregate is equal to 1550 Kg/m3 and one cubic metre is equal to 35.3147 cu ft

**How much aggregate required for M15 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 10 :**– calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M20 concrete in cubic metre is equal to 4/7 × 1.54 = 0.88 m3

**Ans. :-** 0.88 m3 quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete

**How much aggregate required for M15 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 11 :-** calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete in kgs ( kilogram) is equal to 4/7 × 1.54m3 × 1550 Kg/m3 = 1364 Kgs

**Ans. :-** 1364 Kgs quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete

**How much aggregate required for M15 concrete in cft**

● **step 12 :**– calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete in cft (cubic feet) is equal to 4/7 × 1.54m3/35.3147 × 1550 Kg/m3 = 39 cft

**Ans. :-** 39 cft quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete.

Now question is how much aggregate required for 1m3 of M15 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans. :-** 39 cft (0.88 m3, 1364 kgs) aggregate are required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete.

Now question is how much cement sand and aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of m15 concrete? Their ans will be following

● **Ans**. 6.34 bags (0.22 m3, 317 kgs) cement, 20 cft (0.44 m3, 713 kgs) sand & 39 cft (0.88 m3, 1364 kgs) aggregate are required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete.

● **Table 6 :**– cement quantity in bags and kg and aggregate and sand quantity in cubic metre,cubic feet and kg of m15 concrete

**How much cement, sand and aggregate are required for 1m3 of m10 concrete**

M10 concrete ratio:- M stand for mix and numerical figure 10 is compressive strength of concrete is 10N/mm2 for curing time of 28 days and M10 concrete ratio is 1 : 3 : 6, mixture of cement, sand and aggregate in which one part is cement, 3 part is sand and 6 part is aggregate or stone mix with water.

Calculating quantity of cement, sand and aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of m10 concrete we have given following:-

Wet volume of concrete = 1m3

mix ratio for m10 concrete = 1:3:6

We have to do following calculating steps:-

● **Step 1 :-** we have wet volume of concrete is equal to 1 cubic metre (1m3), but when we calculate actual quantity of dry ingredient cement, sand and aggregate of concrete.

Dry volume of concrete is equal to 1× 1.54 = 1.54 m3 ( cubic meter)

● **step 2 :-** m10 nominal mix ratio is 1:3:6,in which one part is cement, 3 part is sand & 6 part is aggregate, then total mix proportion is equal to 1+3+6 = 10, and part of cement is equal to 1/10, part of sand is equal to 3/10 & part of aggregate is equal to 6/10

**How much cement required for M10 concrete**

● **step 3:-** We have dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 m3, part of cement in mix = 1/10 and density of cement = 1440 Kg/m3

**How much cement required for M10 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 4:-** calculate cement required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete in cubic metre is equal to = 1/10 × 1.54 m3 = 0.154 m3

**Ans**. :- 0.154 m3 ( cubic meter) cement required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete.

**How much cement required for M10 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 5:-** calculate cement required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete in Kgs ( kilogram) is equal to = 1/10 × 1.54 m3 × 1440 Kg/m3 = 222 Kgs

**Ans. :-** 222 Kgs quantity of cement required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete

**How many cement bags required for M10 concrete**

● **step 6:-** we know that 1 bag cement weight = 50 kgs,calculate cement bags required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete is equal to = 1/10 × 1.54 m3 × 1440 Kg/m3/50 = 4.44 = 4.5 bags cement

**Ans. :**– 4.5 bags of cement required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete.

Now question is how much cement required for 1m3 of M10 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans. :-** 4.5 bags (0.154 m3, 222 kgs) cement are required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete.

**How much sand required for M10 concrete**

We have given dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 cubic metre and part of sand in concrete mix is equal to 3/10, density of sand is equal to 1620 Kg/m3 and one cubic metre is equal to 35.3147 cu ft

**How much sand required for M10 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 7 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete in cubic metre is equal to 3/10 × 1.54 = 0.462 m3

**Ans. :**– 0.462 m3 quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete

**How much sand required for M10 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 8 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete in kgs ( kilogram) is equal to 4/10 × 1.54m3 × 1620 Kg/m3 = 998 Kgs

**Ans.** :- 998 Kgs quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete

**How much sand required for M10 concrete in cft**

● **step 9 :**– calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete in cft (cubic feet) is equal to 3/10 × 1.54m3/35.3147 × 1620 Kg/m3 = 21 cft

**Ans**. :- 21 cft quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete.

Now question is how much sand required for 1m3 of M10 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans**. :- 21 cft (0.462 m3, 998 kgs) sand are required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete.

**How much aggregate required for M10 concrete**

We have given dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 cubic metre and part of aggregate in concrete mix is equal to 6/10, density of aggregate is equal to 1550 Kg/m3 and one cubic metre is equal to 35.3147 cu ft

**How much aggregate required for M10 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 10** :- calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of m10 concrete in cubic metre is equal to 6/10 × 1.54 = 0.924 m3

**Ans.** :- 0.924 m3 quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete

**How much aggregate required for M10 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 11 :**– calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete in kgs ( kilogram) is equal to 6/10 × 1.54m3 × 1550 Kg/m3 = 1432 Kgs

**Ans. :-** 1432 Kgs quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete

**How much aggregate required for M10 concrete in cft**

● **step 12** :- calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete in cft (cubic feet) is equal to 6/10 × 1.54m3/35.3147 × 1550 Kg/m3 = 40.5 cft

**Ans**. :- 40.5 cft quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete.

Now question is how much aggregate required for 1m3 of M10 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans. :-** 40.5 cft (0.924 m3, 1432 kgs) aggregate are required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete.

Now question is how much cement sand and aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of m10 concrete? Their ans will be following

● **Ans**. 4.5 bags (0.154 m3, 222 kgs) cement, 21 cft (0.462 m3, 998 kgs) sand & 40.5 cft (0.924 m3, 1432 kgs) aggregate are required for 1 cubic metre of M10 concrete.

● **Table 7 :**– cement quantity in bags and kg and aggregate and sand quantity in cubic metre,cubic feet and kg of m10 concrete

**How much cement, sand and aggregate are required for 1m3 of m7.5 concrete**

M7.5 concrete ratio:- M stand for mix and numerical figure 7.5 is compressive strength of concrete is 7.5N/mm2 for curing time of 28 days and M7.5 concrete ratio is 1 : 4 : 8, mixture of cement, sand and aggregate in which one part is cement, 4 part is sand and 8 part is aggregate or stone mix with water.

Calculating quantity of cement, sand and aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of m7.5 concrete we have given following:-

Wet volume of concrete = 1m3

mix ratio for m7.5 concrete = 1:4:8

We have to do following calculating steps:-

**Step 1 :-** we have wet volume of concrete is equal to 1 cubic metre (1m3), but when we calculate actual quantity of dry ingredient cement, sand and aggregate of concrete.

Dry volume of concrete is equal to 1× 1.54 = 1.54 m3 ( cubic meter)

● **step 2 :-** m7.5 nominal mix ratio is 1:4:8,in which one part is cement, 4 part is sand & 8 part is aggregate, then total mix proportion is equal to 1+4+8 =13, and part of cement is equal to 1/13, part of sand is equal to 4/13 & part of aggregate is equal to 8/13

**How much cement required for M7.5 concrete**

● **step 3:-** We have dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 m3, part of cement in mix = 1/13 and density of cement = 1440 Kg/m3

**How much cement required for M7.5 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 4:-** calculate cement required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete in cubic metre is equal to = 1/13 × 1.54 m3 = 0.1185 m3

**Ans.** :- 0.1185 m3 ( cubic meter) cement required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete.

**How much cement required for M7.5 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 5:**– calculate cement required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete in Kgs ( kilogram) is equal to = 1/13 × 1.54 m3 × 1440 Kg/m3 = 171 Kgs

**Ans**. :- 171 Kgs quantity of cement required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete

**How many cement bags required for M7.5 concrete**

● **step 6:-** we know that 1 bag cement weight = 50 kgs,calculate cement bags required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete is equal to = 1/13 × 1.54 m3 × 1440 Kg/m3/50 = 3.42 bags cement

**Ans.** :- 3.42 bags of cement required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete.

Now question is how much cement required for 1m3 of M7.5 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans.** :- 3.42 bags (0.1185 m3, 171 kgs) cement are required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete.

**How much sand required for M7.5 concrete**

We have given dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 cubic metre and part of sand in concrete mix is equal to 4/13, density of sand is equal to 1620 Kg/m3 and one cubic metre is equal to 35.3147 cu ft

**How much sand required for M7.5 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 7 :**– calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete in cubic metre is equal to 4/13 × 1.54 = 0.474 m3

**Ans**. :- 0.474 m3 quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete

**How much sand required for M7.5 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 8 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete in kgs ( kilogram) is equal to 4/13 × 1.54m3 × 1620 Kg/m3 =786 Kgs

**Ans.** :- 768 Kgs quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete

**How much sand required for M7.5 concrete in cft**

● **step 9 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete in cft (cubic feet) is equal to 4/13 × 1.54m3/35.3147 × 1620 Kg/m3 = 22 cft

**Ans**. :- 22 cft quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete.

Now question is how much sand required for 1m3 of M7.5 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans**. :- 22 cft (0.474 m3, 768 kgs) sand are required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete.

**How much aggregate required for M7.5 concrete**

We have given dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 cubic metre and part of aggregate in concrete mix is equal to 8/13, density of aggregate is equal to 1550 Kg/m3 and one cubic metre is equal to 35.3147 cu ft

**How much aggregate required for M7.5 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 10 :**– calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete in cubic metre is equal to 8/13 × 1.54 = 0.95 m3

**Ans**. :- 0.95 m3 quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete

**How much aggregate required for M7.5 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 11** :- calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete in kgs ( kilogram) is equal to 8/13 × 1.54m3 × 1550 Kg/m3 = 1469 Kgs

**Ans**. :- 1469 Kgs quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete

**How much aggregate required for M7.5 concrete in cft**

● **step 12** :- calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete in cft (cubic feet) is equal to 8/13 × 1.54m3/35.3147 × 1550 Kg/m3 = 41.5 cft

**Ans.** :- 41.5 cft quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete.

Now question is how much aggregate required for 1m3 of M7.5 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans.** :- 41.5 cft (0.95 m3, 1469 kgs) aggregate are required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete.

Now question is how much cement sand and aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of m7.5 concrete? Their ans will be following

● **Ans**. 3.42 bags (0.1185 m3, 171 kgs) cement, 22 cft (0.474 m3, 768 kgs) sand & 41.5 cft (0.95 m3, 1469 kgs) aggregate are required for 1 cubic metre of M7.5 concrete.

● **Table 8 :**– cement quantity in bags and kg and aggregate and sand quantity in cubic metre,cubic feet and kg of m7.5 concrete

**How much cement, sand and aggregate are required for 1m3 of m5 concrete**

M5 concrete ratio:- M stand for mix and numerical figure 5 is compressive strength of concrete is 5N/mm2 for curing time of 28 days and M5 concrete ratio is 1 : 5 : 10, mixture of cement, sand and aggregate in which one part is cement, 5 part is sand and 10 part is aggregate or stone mix with water.

Calculating quantity of cement, sand and aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of m5 concrete we have given following:-

Wet volume of concrete = 1m3

mix ratio for m5 concrete = 1:5:10

We have to do following calculating steps:-

● **Step 1 :**– we have wet volume of concrete is equal to 1 cubic metre (1m3), but when we calculate actual quantity of dry ingredient cement, sand and aggregate of concrete.

Dry volume of concrete is equal to 1× 1.54 = 1.54 m3 ( cubic meter)

● **step 2 :-** m5 nominal mix ratio is 1:5:10,in which one part is cement, 5 part is sand & 10 part is aggregate, then total mix proportion is equal to 1+5+10 = 16, and part of cement is equal to 1/16, part of sand is equal to 5/16 & part of aggregate is equal to 10/16

**How much cement required for M5 concrete**

● **step 3:-** We have dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 m3, part of cement in mix = 1/10 and density of cement = 1440 Kg/m3

**How much cement required for M5 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 4:-** calculate cement required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete in cubic metre is equal to = 1/16 × 1.54 m3 = 0.096 m3

**Ans.** :- 0.096 m3 ( cubic meter) cement required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete.

**How much cement required for M5 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 5:-** calculate cement required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete in Kgs ( kilogram) is equal to = 1/16 × 1.54 m3 × 1440 Kg/m3 = 138.6 Kgs

**Ans.** :- 138.6 Kgs quantity of cement required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete

**How many cement bags required for M5 concrete**

● **step 6:-** we know that 1 bag cement weight = 50 kgs,calculate cement bags required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete is equal to = 1/16 × 1.54 m3 × 1440 Kg/m3/50 = 2.78 bags cement

**Ans. :-** 2.78 bags of cement required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete.

Now question is how much cement required for 1m3 of M5 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans. :-** 2.78 bags (0.096 m3, 138.6 kgs) cement are required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete.

**How much sand required for M5 concrete**

We have given dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 cubic metre and part of sand in concrete mix is equal to 5/16, density of sand is equal to 1620 Kg/m3 and one cubic metre is equal to 35.3147 cu ft

**How much sand required for M5 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 7 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete in cubic metre is equal to 5/16 × 1.54 = 0.48 m3

**Ans**. :- 0.48 m3 quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete

**How much sand required for M5 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 8 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete in kgs ( kilogram) is equal to 5/16 × 1.54m3 × 1620 Kg/m3 = 780 Kgs

**Ans. :-** 780 Kgs quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete

**How much sand required for M5 concrete in cft**

● **step 9 :-** calculate sand required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete in cft (cubic feet) is equal to 5/16 × 1.54m3/35.3147 × 1620 Kg/m3 = 22 cft

**Ans. :-** 22 cft quantity of sand is required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete.

Now question is how much sand required for 1m3 of M5 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans. :-** 22 cft (0.48 m3, 780 kgs) sand are required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete.

**How much aggregate required for M5 concrete**

We have given dry volume of concrete is equal to 1.54 cubic metre and part of aggregate in concrete mix is equal to 10/16, density of aggregate is equal to 1550 Kg/m3 and one cubic metre is equal to 35.3147 cu ft

**How much aggregate required for M5 concrete in cubic metre**

● **step 10** :- calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of m5 concrete in cubic metre is equal to 10/16 × 1.54 = 0.96 m3

**Ans.** :- 0.96 m3 quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete

**How much aggregate required for M5 concrete in Kgs**

● **step 11 :**– calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete in kgs ( kilogram) is equal to 10/16 × 1.54m3 × 1550 Kg/m3 = 1492 Kgs

**Ans**. :- 1492 Kgs quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M15 concrete

**How much aggregate required for M15 concrete in cft**

● **step 12 :**– calculate aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete in cft (cubic feet) is equal to 10/16 × 1.54m3/35.3147 × 1550 Kg/m3 = 42 cft

**Ans**. :- 42 cft quantity of aggregate is required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete.

Now question is how much aggregate required for 1m3 of M5 concrete their answer is following:-

**Ans**. :- 42 cft (0.96 m3, 1492 kgs) aggregate are required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete.

Now question is how much cement sand and aggregate required for 1 cubic metre of m5 concrete? Their ans will be following

● **Ans**. 2.78 bags (0.096 m3, 138.6 kgs) cement, 22 cft (0.48 m3, 780 kgs) sand & 42 cft (0.96 m3, 1492 kgs) aggregate are required for 1 cubic metre of M5 concrete.

● **Table 9** :- cement quantity in bags and kg and aggregate and sand quantity in cubic metre,cubic feet and kg of m5 concrete

**Calculate quantities of material for concrete-cement , sand, aggregate,****no of cement bag in 1m3 cement and ****cement bag in m20 and **cement bag in m25 calculate quantities of material for concrete cement sand and aggregate.

**What are different grade of concrete**

How to calculate quantities of material for concrete cement sand and aggregate .We know that there is a different grade of concrete used in civil work like **M10 m15 M20 m25 M30 m35 and m40 and higher** on.

Concrete is a mixture of cement sand and aggregate. Fine aggregate is also known as sand and coarse sand is known as aggregates. There are different mix ratio indifferent grade of concrete like m10 means **m- indicate the mix and number is comprehensive strength of concrete in curing time of 28 days**. Know to calculate quantities of material for concrete

**What are types of grade of concrete**

**1) ordinary grade of concrete- m10 and m15**

**2) standard grade of concrete- m20,m25,m30, m35,m40**

**3) high strength grade of concrete- m45,m50 and higher**

◆ **uses of m10 and m15**:- minimum grade of concrete for structural component is M20 so we can’t use M10 and m15 for a structure component of building like footing ,beam,column and slab.

M10 nn15 provide flat base for laying ground floor slab and feeling the depressed floor slabs it is usually used for levelling coarse and bedding for footings.

**Weight of sand and aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for different concrete grade**

1) **weight of sand & aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for M25 grade of concrete**

As we find 11 bags of cement,624 kgs sand & 1194 kgs aggregate for 1 cubic metre of m25 grade of concrete.

Hance 11 bags cement = 624 kgs sand

For 1 bag of cement = 624/11= 57 kgs sand

Hance 11 bags of cement = 1194 kgs aggregate

For 1 bag of cement = 1194/11 = 109 kgs aggregate

● **Ans**. :- 57 kgs sand & 109 kgs aggregate are required per 50 kg of cement bag for m25 grade of concrete.

2) **weight of sand & aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for M20 grade of concrete**

As we find 8 bags of cement,680 kgs sand & 1302 kgs aggregate for 1 cubic metre of m20 grade of concrete.

Hance 8 bags cement = 680 kgs sand

For 1 bag of cement = 680/8= 85 kgs sand

Hance 8 bags of cement = 1302 kgs aggregate

For 1 bag of cement = 1302/8 = 163 kgs aggregate

● **Ans**. :- 85 kgs sand & 163 kgs aggregate are required per 50 kg of cement bag for m20 grade of concrete.

3) weight of sand & aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for M15 grade of concrete

As we find 6.34 bags of cement,713 kgs sand & 1364 kgs aggregate for 1 cubic metre of m15 grade of concrete.

Hance 6.34 bags cement = 713 kgs sand

For 1 bag of cement = 713/6.34= 112 kgs sand

Hance 6.34 bags of cement = 1364 kgs aggregate

For 1 bag of cement = 1364/6.34 = 215 kgs aggregate

● **Ans**. :- 112 kgs sand & 215 kgs aggregate are required per 50 kg of cement bag for m15 grade of concrete.

4) weight of sand & aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for M10 grade of concrete

As we find 4.5 bags of cement, kgs 998 sand & 1432 kgs aggregate for 1 cubic metre of m10 grade of concrete.

Hance 4.5 bags cement = 998 kgs sand

For 1 bag of cement = 998/4.5= 222 kgs sand

Hance 4.5 bags of cement = 1432 kgs aggregate

For 1 bag of cement = 1432/4.5 = 318 kgs aggregate

● **Ans**. :- 222 kgs sand & 318 kgs aggregate are required per 50 kg of cement bag for m10 grade of concrete.

5) weight of sand & aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for M7.5 grade of concrete

As we find 3.42 bags of cement,768 kgs sand & 1469 kgs aggregate for 1 cubic metre of m7.5 grade of concrete.

Hance 3.42 bags cement = 768 kgs sand

For 1 bag of cement = 768/3.42= 225 kgs sand

Hance 3.42 bags of cement = 1469 kgs aggregate

For 1 bag of cement = 1469/3.42 = 430 kgs aggregate

● **Ans**. :- 225 kgs sand & 430 kgs aggregate are required per 50 kg of cement bag for m7.5 grade of concrete.

6) weight of sand & aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for M5 grade of concrete

As we find 2.78 bags of cement,780 kgs sand & 1492 kgs aggregate for 1 cubic metre of m5 grade of concrete.

Hance 2.78 bags cement = 780 kgs sand

For 1 bag of cement = 780/2.78= 281 kgs sand

Hance 2.78 bags of cement = 1492 kgs aggregate

For 1 bag of cement = 1492/2.78 = 537 kgs aggregate

● **Ans**. :- 281 kgs sand & 537 kgs aggregate are required per 50 kg of cement bag for m5 grade of concrete.

● **Table 10** :- weight of sand and aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for different concrete grade

**Volume of sand and aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for different concrete grade**

1) volume of sand & aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for M25 grade of concrete

As we find 11 bags of cement,18 cft sand & 36 cft aggregate for 1 cubic metre of m25 grade of concrete.

Hance 11 bags cement = 18 sand

For 1 bag of cement = 18/11= 1.64 cft sand

Hance 11 bags of cement = 36 kgs aggregate

For 1 bag of cement = 36/11 = 3.27 cft aggregate

● **Ans**. :- 1.64 cft sand & 3.27 cft aggregate are required per 50 kg of cement bag for m25 grade of concrete.

2) volume of sand & aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for M20 grade of concrete

As we find 8 bags of cement,19 cft sand & 37 cft aggregate for 1 cubic metre of m20 grade of concrete.

Hance 8 bags cement = 19 cft sand

For 1 bag of cement = 19/8= 2.375 cft sand

Hance 8 bags of cement = 37 cft aggregate

For 1 bag of cement = 37/8 = 4.625 cft aggregate

● **Ans**. :- 2.375 cft sand & 4.625 cft aggregate are required per 50 kg of cement bag for m20 grade of concrete.

3) volume of sand & aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for M15 grade of concrete

As we find 6.34 bags of cement,20 cft sand & 39 cft aggregate for 1 cubic metre of m15 grade of concrete.

Hance 6.34 bags cement = 20 sand

For 1 bag of cement = 20/6.34= 3.16 cft sand

Hance 6.34 bags of cement =39 cft aggregate

For 1 bag of cement = 39/6.34 = 6.15 cft aggregate

● **Ans**. :- 3.16 cft sand & 6.15 cft aggregate are required per 50 kg of cement bag for m15 grade of concrete.

4) volume of sand & aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for M10 grade of concrete

As we find 4.5 bags of cement, 21 cft sand & 40.5 cft aggregate for 1 cubic metre of m10 grade of concrete.

Hance 4.5 bags cement = 21 cft sand

For 1 bag of cement = 21/4.5= 4.67 cft sand

Hance 4.5 bags of cement = 40.5 aggregate

For 1 bag of cement = 40.5/4.5 = 9 cft aggregate

● **Ans**. :- 4.67 cft sand & 9 cft aggregate are required per 50 kg of cement bag for m10 grade of concrete.

5) volume of sand & aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for M7.5 grade of concrete

As we find 3.42 bags of cement,22 cft sand & 41.5 cft aggregate for 1 cubic metre of m7.5 grade of concrete.

Hance 3.42 bags cement = 22 cft sand

For 1 bag of cement = 22/3.42= 6.43 cft sand

Hance 3.42 bags of cement = 41.5 cft aggregate

For 1 bag of cement = 41.5/3.42 = 12.13 cft aggregate

● **Ans**. :- 6.43 cft sand & 12.13 cft aggregate are required per 50 kg of cement bag for m7.5 grade of concrete.

6) volume of sand & aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for M5 grade of concrete

As we find 2.78 bags of cement, 22 cft sand & 42 cft aggregate for 1 cubic metre of m5 grade of concrete.

Hance 2.78 bags cement = 22 sand

For 1 bag of cement = 22/2.78= 7.9 cft sand

Hance 2.78 bags of cement = 42 cft aggregate

For 1 bag of cement = 42/2.78 = 15.10 cft aggregate

● **Ans.** :- 7.9 cft sand & 15.10 cft aggregate are required per 50 kg of cement bag for m5 grade of concrete.

● **Table 11 :**– Volume of sand and aggregate required for 50 kg cement bag for different concrete grade

**Water requirement for different concrete grade as per IS456 code**

For design mix concrete grade water content is calculated from water/cement ratio which depends on various factors like weight of cement, workability and load bearing structure etc, but for nominal mix concrete IS456 code book suggest the following water quantities per 50 kg bag of cement.

● **Table 12** :- Water requirement for different concrete grade as per IS456 code

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